Lebanon (pronounced /ˈlɛbənən/) is a city in Linn County, Oregon, United States. Lebanon is located in northwest Oregon, southeast of Salem. The population was 12,950 at the 2000 census and the 2008 census data shows the population at 15,397.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14.0 km²), of which, 5.2 square miles (13.6 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (2.96%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,950 people, 5,078 households, and 3,442 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,467.7 people per square mile (952.4/km²). There were 5,457 housing units at an average density of 1,039.9/sq mi (401.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.98% White, 0.17% African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 2.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.69% of the population.
There were 5,078 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.2% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.02.
The city’s age distribution has 27.0% under 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,231, and the median income for a family was $37,818. Males had a median income of $32,448 versus $24,796 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,968. About 14.4% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.8% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
Lebanon is home to Entek International. Lebanon was the home of the first Wal-Mart opened in Oregon, on March 3, 1992. A second store in Klamath Falls, Oregon opened later the same day.
Until 2005, Lebanon was home to one of the last drive-in movie theaters in Oregon. It was demolished to make room for a Super Wal-Mart, despite protests by residents who wished to preserve the drive-in.
 Arts and culture
 Annual cultural events
Lebanon is the home of the World’s Largest Strawberry Shortcake, a part of the annual Strawberry Festival that began in 1909. The Strawberry Festival includes a Junior Parade, a Grand Parade (featuring the Strawberry Royalty Court), and a carnival. It is held the first weekend of June.
The Elkins Four Mill listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Lebanon is served by the Lebanon Community Schools public school district, which includes Lebanon High School. It is also home to the private East Linn Christian Academy, which serves students from preschool through twelfth grade (PreK-12).
Lebanon is the future home of the Western University of Health Sciences College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific-Northwest (COMP-NW). Scheduled to open in August 2011 with an inaugural class of 100 osteopathic medical students, the mission of COMP-NW is to educate competent and compassionate physicians from the Northwest, in the Northwest, for the Northwest.
 Notable residents
- David W. Ballard (1824–1875), governor of Idaho territory
- Carson Bigbee (1895–1964), “Skeeter” Bigbee, professional baseball outfielder
- Eric Castle (1970-), former NFL safety and special teams player for the San Diego Chargers
- Jo Collins (1945–), actress and 1965 Playmate of the Year
- Howard Hesseman (1940–), actor
- Ben Howland (1957–), college basketball coach
- Joanna Masingila (1960–), professor of mathematics and mathematics education
- Pat McQuistan (1983–), offensive lineman for the Dallas Cowboys
- Paul McQuistan (1983–), offensive guard for the Oakland Raiders
- Katherine Ann Power (1949–), former fugitive for manslaughter and armed robbery
- Doug Riesenberg (1965–), former NFL offensive tackle
- Dave Roberts (1951–), MLB third basemen
- Dick Smith (1939–), MLB outfields and first baseman
- Time Winters (1956–), television and voice actor