Name: Polyozellus multiplex (Underw.) Murrill
Most Confident Observations:
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Version: 8
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First person to use this name on MO: Nathan Wilson
Editors: Ron Pastorino, Joe Cohen

Nomenclature:

Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Polyozellus multiplex

Author: (Underw.) Murrill

Citation: N. Amer. Fl. (New York) 9(3): 171 (1910)

Deprecated Synonyms: Cantharellus multiplex Underw., Craterellus multiplex (Underw.) Shope, Thelephora multiplex (Underw.) Kawam.

Misspellings: Polyzellus multiplex

Classification:

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Thelephorales

Family: Thelephoraceae

Genus: Polyozellus

Lifeform:
Notes on Taxonomy: [Edit]

The species Polyozellus multiplex (sensu stricto) is a member of the Polyozellus multiplex group, a species complex with 5 species:

Species Relative Spore Size Known From
Polyozellus atrolazulinus large-spored eastern Asia, western North America and northeastern North America.
Polyozellus mariae small-spored northeastern North America
Polyozellus marymargaretae small-spored western North America
Polyozellus multiplex (sensu stricto) large-spored eastern Asia and eastern North America
Polyozellus purpureoniger small-spored eastern Asia and northwestern North America

Andrus Voitk, Irja Saar, Steven Trudell, Viacheslav Spirin, Michael Beug &
Urmas Kõljalg (2017): “Polyozellus multiplex (Thelephorales) is a species complex containing four new species,” Mycologia http://www.tandfonline.com/...

Brief Description:

See generally Voitk, et. al.13 for descriptions of Polyozellus multiplex sensu stricto, the species complex, and the newly described species within the complex.
Following is an old description, and therefore of the complex:
“[caps]: up to 15 cm across, fleshy, dark purple to deep blue black; … slightly roughened and dry, often occurring in clusters above stems that are frequently fused;
hymenium of shallow forked veins often extending down the stems, dark violet black to blue purple when fresh, becoming a paler gray violet when dried;
flesh tough and somewhat brittle, dark purple;
odor faintly pungent,
taste mild and not distinctive when raw.
Spore print white.
Under the microscope, basidiospores ornamented with low bumps, colorless, 4.5 to 9 × 4.5 to 8 μm;
[chemical]: tissues turn greenish black in potassium hydroxide; clamp connections present.”8 (formatting added)

Descriptions: [Create]

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Created: 2007-06-19 02:47:43 CDT (-0400) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2017-12-17 00:17:36 CST (-0500) by Joe Cohen (Joseph D. Cohen)
Viewed: 561 times, last viewed: 2018-01-12 18:21:18 CST (-0500)
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