Name: Agaricus californicus Peck
Most Confident Observations:
Version: 4
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First person to use this name on MO: Nathan Wilson
Editors: Alan Rockefeller, walt sturgeon

Nomenclature:
Rank: Species
Status: Accepted
Name: Agaricus californicus
Author: Peck
Citation: Bull. Torrey bot. Club 22: 203 (1895)
Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Agaricus

Notes on Taxonomy: [Edit]

This is a very deceptive mushroom. It can look identical to Agaricus campestris, the common (and edible) meadow mushroom. But, this one is NOT edible. To distinguish it from A. campestris, put a drop of KOH (Potassium Hydroxide) solution on the cap or stem. If it turns yellow, it is A. californicus. The KOH reaction is very rapid with a fresh sample, but may take a few minutes with an older mushroom. The yellow can sometimes be seen just by scratching the cap or the base of the mushroom, but this sort of bruising reaction can be weak or absent in A. californicus. The most reliable field characteristic is the odor. A. campestris has a mild ‘mushroomy’ odor. A. californicus has a ‘phenolic’ odor which is much less pleasant and more chemically. Another indicator is where it is growing. A. campestris grows in fields (or lawns), as its name implies. A. californicus tends to grow in woods or in disturbed areas. [much of this entry is extracted from rpeters observation notes on specimens he found in Prior Lake, MN.]

Descriptions: [Create]

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Created: 2007-01-09 21:04:00 PST (-0800) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2013-12-20 20:19:40 PST (-0800) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 1932 times, last viewed: 2017-09-24 14:39:55 PDT (-0700)
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