Name: Panaeolus papilionaceus (Bull.) Quél.
Most Confident Observations:
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Copyright © 2011 Byrain
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Copyright © 2010 Patrick Harvey (pg_harvey)
Version: 6
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First person to use this name on MO: Darvin DeShazer
Editors: Alan Rockefeller, Erin Page Blanchard, Erlon

Nomenclature:

Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Panaeolus papilionaceus

Author: (Bull.) Quél.

Citation: Mém. Soc. Émul. Montbéliard, Sér. 2 5: 122 152 (1873) 1872

Synonym(s): Panaeolus papilionaceus var. parvisporus Ew. Gerhardt, Panaeolus papilionaceus (Bull.) Quél. var. papilionaceus

Deprecated Synonyms: Panaeolus sphinctrinus (Fr.) Quél., Panaeolus retirugis (Fr.) Gillet, Panaeolus campanulatus (L.) Quél., Panaeolus callosus, Psilocybe campanulata (L.) Kuntze

Misspellings: Paneolus campanulatus

Classification:
Brief Description:

Translated from Gerhardt, E. (1996). Taxonomische Revision der Gattungen Panaeolus und Panaeolina (Fungi, Agaricales, Coprinaceae). Bibliotheca Botanica 147: 1-149.

Panaeolus papilionaceus (Bull.: Fr.) Quel. var. papilionaceus in Mem. Soc. Emul. Montbeliard, ser. 2, 5: 152 (1872).

PILEUS
- cap l-5 cm wide
- campanulate-conical form to campanulate-convex
- but also with or without papillae-like cuffs apex acuminate to rounded (=appendiculate margin?)
- pileus often bare and dull
- sometimes with contrasting mesh pattern or network raised or wrinkled, with dry conditions
- At first scurfy
- not hygrophanous or barely so
- color drab gray to charcoal gray, drab, olive-gray, flesh tones to pink or flesh-brownish
- completely plain or with colored crest, but also from the beginning almost colorless (albinoid) or by bleached out by sunlight
- margin with more or less clearly pronounced, brighter veil remnants in the form of a shaped denticles (scales) around the perimeter, this curtain around the brim often disappearing with age but is visible in young specimens with a closed rim.
ODOR/TASTE
- not described
LAMELLAE
- Gills blackish-gray
- pied, mottled
- with white edge
- attached
STIPE
- Stalk about 30-120 × 2-4 mm
- narrow
- central, frail, almost always straight
- colored like the cap
- brownish gray, finely powdered or frosted near apex
- upper part often finely lined
- completely without veil remnants
- white basal mycelium
MICROSCOPIC FEATURES
BASIDIA
- Four-spored
- about 25- 30 × 12- 15 microns
PILEIPELLIS
- not described
SPORES
- Spores (13) 15-18 (19) x (9.5) 10-12 (13) x (7) 8 – 9.5 (11) microns
- smooth, opaque
- In KOH always very dark reddish brown, flattened
- in face-view typically rectangular, with almost parallel lateral lines,
- Germ pore brought forward noticeably
SULPHIDIA
- absent
CHEILOCYSTIDIA
- colorless, often very slender but not pointed
- base slightly expanded or bulbous
- about 30-60 microns long

Descriptions: [Create]

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Created: 2007-01-10 06:04:37 CET (+0100) by Darvin DeShazer (darv)
Last modified: 2013-07-13 16:16:08 CEST (+0200) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Viewed: 3235 times, last viewed: 2018-06-25 01:48:36 CEST (+0200)
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