Public Description of Amanita muscaria var. persicina Dav.T. Jenkins

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Name: Amanita muscaria var. persicina Dav.T. Jenkins
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae


General Description:

Cap: 4 — 13 cm wide, hemispheric to convex when young, becoming plano-convex to plano-depressed in age, reddish or burnt-orange to pinkish melon to pastel-red sometimes yellowish, often remaining darker towards the disc, slightly appendiculate, the volva is distributed over the cap as thin pale yellowish to pale tannish warts, otherwise smooth, subviscid, margin becomes slightly to moderately striate in age. Flesh white, does not stain when cut or injured.

Gills: Free, crowded, moderately broad, creamy with a pale pinkish tint, and with a very floccose edge, abruptly truncate.

Stipe: 4 — 10.5 cm long x 1 — 2 cm wide, more or less equal or narrowing upwards and slightly flaring at the apex, pale yellow in the superior region, tannish white below, densely stuffed with a pith, the ring is fragile, white above and yellowish below, poorly formed or absent, the remnants of the universal veil on the vasal bulb as concentric rings are usually poorly or absent.

Taste: Pleasant.

Odor: Pleasant.

Spores: White in deposit, ellipsoid to elongate, infrequently broadly ellipsoid, rarely cylindric, in amyloid, (8.0) 9.4 — 12.7 (18.0) x (5.5) 6.5 — 8.5 (11.1)µm.


Diagnostic Description:

It has often been mistaken by people for A. muscaria subsp. flavivolvata, but that species does not occur in the Eastern United States.

It can be distinguished macroscopically from A. muscaria subsp. flavivolvata by its pinkish-red to burnt-orange tones, fragile or absent annulus, often yellowish stipe, and its tendency to have fragile or absent rings at the base.


Distribution:

Common in the southeast, from Texas to Georgia north to New Jersey and possibly further.


Habitat:

Solitary or gregarious, it is mycorrhizal with conifers (Pine) and deciduous (Oak) trees.


Look Alikes:
Uses:

Contains the chemical compounds ibotenic acid and muscimol, some people use these to relieve pain, sleep better, or for spiritual experiences.


Notes:

Recent DNA work by Geml has shown Amanita muscaria var. persicina, to be a distinct species and should be raised to species rank.


Description author: Erlon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: AmatoxinApocalypse


Created: 2009-10-13 21:05:41 WIB (+0700) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2011-04-17 23:23:28 WIB (+0700) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Viewed: 213 times, last viewed: 2018-06-01 04:22:49 WIB (+0700)