Public Description of Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) Maire

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Name: Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) Maire
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Psathyrellaceae


General Description:

Cap: 3-11 cm; rounded-conical or convex when young, expanding to broadly convex, broadly bell-shaped, or nearly flat; bald; often developing shallow radial wrinkles; dry; honey yellow when young, changing color markedly to pale brownish or nearly white as it dries out; the young margin adorned with hanging partial veil remnants; mature margin often splitting radially in places.

Gills: Attached to the stem or nearly free from it; whitish at first, becoming grayish and finally dark brown; close or crowded.

Stem: 4-13 cm long; 3-8 mm thick; equal; fragile; white; hollowing; bald or slightly lined and/or silky; almost always lacking a ring, but sometimes with loosely clinging partial veil remnants in a ring-like zone.

Flesh: Very thin; fragile; brownish to whitish.

Odor and Taste: Not distinctive.

Chemical Reactions: KOH on cap surface pinkish (sometimes fleetingly) to lilac gray or brownish gray.

Spore Print: Dark purplish brown.

Microscopic Features: Spores 6.5-9.5 × 4-5 µ; ellipsoid with a truncated end; smooth; dark brown in KOH. Pleurocystidia absent. Cheilocystidia abundant; hyaline in KOH; thin-walled; subcylindric to subutriform, clavate, subclavate, or saccate; to about 50 × 15 µ. Pileipellis hymeniform-cellular.


Distribution:

widely distributed and common in North America.


Habitat:

on wood


Uses:

edible


References:

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2011, January). Psathyrella candolleana. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/psathyrella_candolleana.html


Notes:

Current Name:
Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) Maire, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 29: 185 (1913)

Synonymy:
Agaricus appendiculatus Bull., Herb. Fr. 9: tab. 392 (1789)
Agaricus appendiculatus var. lanatus Berk. & Broome, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 5 7: 127 (1881)
Agaricus candolleanus Fr., Observ. mycol. (Havniae) 2: 182 (1818)
Agaricus candolleanus Fr., Observ. mycol. (Havniae) 2: 182 (1818) var. candolleanus
Agaricus catarius Fr., Hymenomyc. eur. (Upsaliae): 296 (1874)
Agaricus egenulus Berk. & Broome, Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., Ser. 3 7: 375 (1861)
Agaricus felinus Pass., Nuovo G. bot. ital. 4: 82 (1872)
Agaricus stipatus var. appendiculatus (Bull.) Pers., Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 423 (1801)
Agaricus vinosus Corda, in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., 3 Abt. (Pilze Deutschl.) 7(19-20): 13, tab. 4 (1841)
Drosophila appendiculata (Bull.) Quél., Enchir. fung. (Paris): 116 (1886)
Drosophila candolleana (Fr.) Quél., Enchir. fung. (Paris): 115 (1886)
Hypholoma appendiculatum (Bull.) Quél., Mém. Soc. Émul. Montbéliard, Sér. 2 5: 146 (1872)
Hypholoma candolleanum (Fr.) Quél., Mém. Soc. Émul. Montbéliard, Sér. 2 5: 146 (1872)
Hypholoma catarium (Fr.) Massee, Brit. Fung.-Fl. 1: 393 (1892)
Hypholoma egenulum (Berk. & Broome) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 1040 (1887)
Hypholoma felinum Pass., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 1040 (1887)
Hypholomopsis appendiculata (Bull.) anon.
Psathyra appendiculata (Bull.) G. Bertrand, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 17: 278 (1901)
Psathyra candolleana (Fr.) G. Bertrand, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr. 17: 278 (1901)
Psathyra corrugis var. vinosa (Corda) Rea, Brit. basidiomyc. (Cambridge): 414 (1922)
Psathyrella appendiculata (Bull.) Maire & Werner, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. 45: 112 (1938)
Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) Maire, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. 45: 112 (1937)
Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) A.H. Sm., Contr. Univ. Mich. Herb. 5: 41 (1941)
Psathyrella corrugis var. vinosa (Corda) Berk. & Broome, Illustrations of British Fungi (Hymenomycetes) (London) 4: 612 (1886)
Psathyrella egenula (Berk. & Broome) M.M. Moser, in Gams, Kl. Krypt.-Fl. Mitteleuropa – Die Blätter- und Baupilze (Agaricales und Gastromycetes) (Stuttgart) 2: 206 (1953)
Psathyrella microlepidota P.D. Orton, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 43(2): 375 (1960)


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)


Created: 2011-12-14 21:59:37 CST (-0500) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2013-12-31 22:21:41 CST (-0500) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 133 times, last viewed: 2018-04-18 23:10:33 CDT (-0400)