Public Description of Stropharia hornemannii (Fr.) S. Lundell & Nannf.

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Name: Stropharia hornemannii (Fr.) S. Lundell & Nannf.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae


General Description:

flat (sometimes broadly bell-shaped); slimy; reddish brown to purple-brown, brown, or olive brown—often fading to tan or pale yellowish brown; smooth; occasionally with white partial veil remnants near the margin.

Gills: Attached to the stem or beginning to pull away from it; close; pale gray at first, later purplish gray to purple-black.

Stem: 5-15 cm long; up to 2.5 cm thick; equal; dry; with a persistent, skirtlike, white ring that becomes dusted with purple-black spore dust; conspicuously shaggy-scaly, especially when young; base often with mycelial threads.

Flesh: White.

Odor and Taste: Somewhat foul.

Spore Print: Dark purple-brown to blackish.

Microscopic Features: Spores 10-14 × 5.5-7 µ; smooth; elliptical. Chrysocystidia present. Cheilocystidia present.


Distribution:

widely distributed


Habitat:
Saprobic; growing alone, scattered, or in clusters on duff and woody debris in conifer forests; often found fruiting from well decayed wood; summer and fall

Look Alikes:

Stropharia subcaperata


Uses:

unknown.


References:

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2007, October). Stropharia hornemannii. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/stropharia_hornemannii.html


Notes:

Current Name:
Stropharia hornemannii (Fr.) S. Lundell & Nannf., Fungi Exsiccati Suecici, Praesertim upsalienses, Fasc. I 1: 7, no. 19 (1934)

Synonymy:
Agaricus depilatus Pers., Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 408 (1801)
Agaricus hornemannii Fr. [as ‘hornemanni’], Observ. mycol. (Havniae) 2: 13 (1818)
Agaricus hornemannii Fr., Observ. mycol. (Havniae) 2: 13 (1818) var. hornemannii
Fungus depilatus (Pers.) Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. (Leipzig) 3: 479 (1898)
Geophila depilata (Pers.) Kühner & Romagn., Fl. Analyt. Champ. Supér. (Paris): 336 (1953)
Naematoloma hornemannii (Fr.) Singer, Lilloa 22: 503 (1951) 1949
Psilocybe hornemannii (Fr.) Noordel. [as ‘hornemanii’], Persoonia 16(1): 128 (1995)
Stropharia depilata (Pers.) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 1012 (1887)

Synonymy Contributor(s):
Kew Mycology (2011); Basidiomycota Checklist


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: Erlon


Created: 2009-10-08 14:31:51 AEDT (+1100) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2014-01-17 12:16:01 AEDT (+1100) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 122 times, last viewed: 2017-04-30 02:58:34 AEST (+1000)