Public Description of Lepiota cristata (Bolton) P. Kumm.

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Name: Lepiota cristata (Bolton) P. Kumm.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Agaricaceae
Genus: Lepiota


General Description:

Cap: 1-5 cm; convex, becoming broadly convex to broadly bell-shaped or flat in age; dry; smooth at first but soon becoming scaly, the scales pinkish to reddish brown or brownish, usually concentrically arranged; the center typically remaining smooth and darker; whitish.

Gills: Free from the stem; white to buff; close.

Stem: 2-8 cm long; 2-5 mm thick; more or less equal; smooth; fragile; whitish but often darker towards the base; with a fragile, white ring (which may easily disappear) on the upper portion.

Flesh: White; thin.

Odor and Taste: Taste not distinctive; odor sometimes “not distinctive,” but typically distinctive enough get one’s attention. Gary Lincoff even invents the common name “Malodorous Lepiota” for the mushroom, describing the smell as “strong, foul, fishy or spicy.” Roger Phillips: “unpleasant, strongly fungusy or mild.” David Arora: “mild or sweet and fruity or pungent.” Alexander Smith: “pungent, spicy, to lacking.” The word “fragrant” often comes to my mind.

Spore Print: White. In Lepiota cristata var. viridispora, known from Pennsylvania, the spore print color is grayish green (like the spore print of Chlorophyllum molybdites).

Microscopic Features: Spores 5-8 × 3-5 µ; smooth; strongly to weakly dextrinoid; distinctively shaped like a wedge or a bullet. Cheilocystidia to about 25 × 10 µ; inflated-clavate. Pleurocystidia absent. Pileipellis a hymeniform layer of elements about 15-40 × 5-10 µ.


Distribution:

widely distributed in North America.


Habitat:
Saprobic; growing scattered or gregariously, often in disturbed ground areas like paths, ditches, lawns, and so on, but also on the forest floor.

References:

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2007, October). Lepiota cristata. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/lepiota_cristata.html


Notes:

Current Name:
Lepiota cristata (Bolton) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zerbst): 137 (1871)

Synonymy:

Agaricus colubrinus var. cristatus (Bolton) Pers., Syn. meth. fung. (Göttingen) 2: 259 (1801)
Agaricus cristatus Bolton, Hist. fung. Halifax (Huddersfield) 1: 7 (1788)
Agaricus cristatus Bolton, Hist. fung. Halifax (Huddersfield) 1: 7 (1788) var. cristatus
Agaricus granulatus Schaeff., Fung. bavar. palat. nasc. (Ratisbonae) 4: tab. 21 (1774)
Agaricus punctatus J.F. Gmel., Systema Naturae, Edn 13 2(2): 1402 (1792)
Agaricus pycnocephalus Berk. & Broome
Lepiota colubrina var. cristata (Bolton) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 602 (1821)
Lepiota colubrina ß cristata (Bolton) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 602 (1821)
Lepiota cristata var. adextrinoidea E. Valenz. & G. Moreno, (1994)
Lepiota cristata var. congolensis Beeli, Bull. Soc. R. Bot. Belg. 59: 106 (1927)
Lepiota cristata (Bolton) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zerbst): 137 (1871) var. cristata
Lepiota cristata var. exannulata Bon, Docums Mycol. 11(no. 43): 34 (1981)
Lepiota cristata var. felinoides Bon, Docums Mycol. 11(no. 43): 34 (1981)
Lepiota cristata var. macrospora (Zhu L. Yang) J.F. Liang & Zhu L. Yang, Mycotaxon 116: 391 (2011)
Lepiota cristata var. pallidior Bon, Docums Mycol. 11(no. 43): 34 (1981)
Lepiota cristata var. pycnocephala (Berk. & Broome) Rick, Iheringia, Sér. Bot. 8: 315 (1961)
Lepiota cristata var. viridispora Kyde & J.L. Peterson, Mycologia 78(5): 851 (1986)
Lepiota felinoides (Bon) P.D. Orton, Notes R. bot. Gdn Edinb. 41(3): 591 (1984)
Lepiota fraterna var. macrospora Zhu L. Yang, in Ying & Zang (eds), Economic macrofungi from Southwestern China (Beijing): 124 (1994)
Lepiota subfelinoides Bon & P.D. Orton, in Orton, Docums Mycol. 14(no. 56): 56 (1985) 1984
Lepiotula cristata (Bolton) Locq. ex E. Horak, Beitr. Kryptfl. Schweiz 13: 338 (1968)
Tricholoma granulatum (Schaeff.) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zerbst): 132 (1871)


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)


Created: 2014-01-04 13:23:31 CST (-0600) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2014-01-04 13:23:31 CST (-0600) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
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