Public Description of Pholiota limonella (Peck) Sacc.

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Name: Pholiota limonella (Peck) Sacc.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae

General Description:

Cap: 3-13 cm; convex, becoming broadly convex, broadly bell-shaped, or nearly flat; sticky or slimy; orange-yellow to yellow; covered with brownish to reddish brown scales that are soon scattered and often gelatinize, disappearing or becoming indistinct by maturity.

Gills: Attached to the stem; close; whitish to yellowish when young, becoming rusty brown; at first covered by a whitish to yellowish, cobwebby partial veil.

Stem: 4-15 cm long; up to 2 cm thick; dry, or sticky near the base; silky near the apex; with a flimsy ring or ring zone (often indistinct); whitish to yellowish under reddish brown to brownish or yellowish brown scales that may be scattered or densely packed; base sometimes covered with whitish mycelium.

Flesh: Yellow or whitish.

Odor and Taste: Not distinctive.

Chemical Reactions: KOH red to orangish on cap surface.

Spore Print: Rusty brown to brown.

Microscopic Features: Spores 6-9 × 4-5.5 µ; smooth; more or less elliptical; with an apical pore; brownish in KOH. Pleurocystidia clavate to clavate-mucronate; up to 65 × 13 µ; often with greenish yellow contents (chrysocystidia). Cheilocystidia variously shaped; up to 45 × 16 µ. Pileipellis a gelatinized layer of hyphae 2.5-7.5 µ wide. Clamp connections present.


widely distributed in North America


Saprobic and probably parasitic; growing alone or, more commonly, in clusters on living or dead wood; frequently found on the wood of birch and alder, but also documented on a variety of hardwoods and conifers; summer and fall

Look Alikes:

Pholiota auruvella, Pholiota spp.


Kuo, M. (2007, November). Pholiota limonella. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site:


Current Name:
Pholiota limonella (Peck) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 753 (1887)

Agaricus limonellus Peck, Ann. Rep. N.Y. St. Mus. nat. Hist. 31: 33 (1878)
Pholiota ceriferoides P.D. Orton, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 91(4): 565 (1988)

Pholiota subsquarrosa var. limonella (Peck) Rick, Lilloa 3: 405 (1938)

Pholiota abietis, Pholiota connata, Pholiota squarroso-adiposa, and Pholiota subvelutipes are synonyms

Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)

Created: 2014-01-05 18:53:58 PST (-0800) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2014-01-05 18:53:58 PST (-0800) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 9 times, last viewed: 2017-03-20 10:15:12 PDT (-0700)