Public Description of Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers.) Rick.

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Name: Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers.) Rick.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae


General Description:

Cap: 1.5-5 cm; broadly bell-shaped to broadly convex, becoming flat; fragile; purple, grayish, or lilac gray; the center usually darker than the edge; slimy; smooth; strongly lined, often nearly all the way to the center.

Gills: Free from the stem or very narrowly attached to it; close or nearly crowded; whitish, becoming faintly pinkish, then rusty cinnamon.

Stem: 3-7 cm long; up to about .5 cm thick; equal; hollow; finely scaly, powdery, or finely hairy; white.

Flesh: Insubstantial; whitish.

Odor: Not distinctive.

Spore Print: Rusty brown.

Microscopic Features: Spores 9-13 × 4-6 µ; more or less elliptical; smooth; with a pore at one end. Brachybasidioles present on gills. Pileipellis a hymeniform trichoderm.


Distribution:

widely distributed in North America.


Habitat:

Saprobic, decomposing the dead wood of hardwoods—logs, sticks, woodchips, and so on; growing alone or scattered; summer and fall


References:

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2007, February). Bolbitius reticulatus. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/bolbitius_reticulatus.html


Notes:

Synonymy:
Agaricus aleuriatus Fr., Observ. mycol. (Havniae) 1: 49 (1815)
Agaricus reticulatus Pers., Icon. Desc. Fung. Min. Cognit. (Leipzig) 1: 13 (1798)
Agaricus reticulatus ß aureus Alb. & Schwein.
Bolbitius aleuriatus (Fr.) Singer, Lilloa 22: 490 (1951) 1949
Bolbitius reticulatus f. aleuriatus (Fr.) Enderle, Ulmer Pilzflora 4: 50 (1996)
Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers.) Ricken, Die Blätterpilze 1: 68 (1915) f. reticulatus
Bolbitius reticulatus var. aleuriatus (Fr.) Bon, Docums Mycol. 20(no. 78): 39 (1990)
Bolbitius reticulatus var. australis (E. Horak) Garrido, Biblthca Mycol. 99: 27 (1985)
Bolbitius reticulatus (Pers.) Ricken, Die Blätterpilze 1: 68 (1915) var. reticulatus
Galera reticulata (Pers.) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zerbst): 76 (1871)
Pluteolus aleuriatus (Fr.) P. Karst., Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 32: 428 (1879)
Pluteolus aleuriatus (Fr.) P. Karst., Bidr. Känn. Finl. Nat. Folk 32: 428 (1879) var. aleuriatus
Pluteolus aleuriatus var. gracilis Peck, Ann. Rep. Reg. N.Y. St. Mus. 54: 149 (1902)
Pluteolus aleuriatus var. reticulatus (Pers.) J.E. Lange, Dansk bot. Ark. 9(no. 6): 49 (1938)
Pluteolus dictyotus Kalchbr., Icon. Sel. Hymenomyc. Hung.: tab. 32, fig. 4 (1877)
Pluteolus reticulatus (Pers.) Gillet, Hyménomycètes (Alençon): 373 (1876) 1878
Pluteolus reticulatus var. australis E. Horak, Fl. criptog. Tierra del Fuego (Buenos Aires) 11(6): 233 (1980) 1979
Pluteolus reticulatus var. dictyotus (Kalchbr.) Sacc., Syll. fung. (Abellini) 5: 859 (1887)
Pluteolus reticulatus (Pers.) Gillet, Hyménomycètes (Alençon): 373 (1876) 1878 var. reticulatus
Pluteus phlebophorus var. reticulatus (Pers.) Cooke, Illustrations of British Fungi (Hymenomycetes) (London): pl. 422 (1886)

Bolbitius aleuriatus is a synonym according to researchers who have broadened the concept of Bolbitius reticulatus to include the non-veined, grayish Bolbitius aleuriatus. Thus the species name reticulatus seems a little inappropriate for collections (like the ones illustrated) that lack the veined cap surface. The oldest name should take precedence; Persoon named Agaricus reticulatus in 1798, while Fries did not name Agaricus aleuriatus until 1815.


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)


Created: 2014-01-06 23:27:06 CET (+0100) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2014-01-06 23:27:06 CET (+0100) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 22 times, last viewed: 2018-01-09 00:15:21 CET (+0100)