Public Description of Sarcodon imbricatus (L.) P. Karst.

Title: Public Description (Default)
Name: Sarcodon imbricatus (L.) P. Karst.
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Description status: Approved
 (Latest review: 2010-04-14 21:05:30 CDT (-0400) by nathan)

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Thelephorales
Family: Bankeraceae


General Description:

Cap brown with brown scales appearing to be outlined in white; disc always depressed to infundibuliform or hollow, scales in center pointed almost straight upwards, scales near margin can be large. Stalk is generally longer than the diameter of the cap giving it a long leggy appearance. The stalk is cylindrical or often slightly bulbous at the base and the apex is not paler than the rest of the stalk. The spines are not decurrent, long ( 5-15 mm) and brown in color. Context is dirty whitish-brownish and never darker in the base of the stalk. Odor is foul or disagreeable sour and the taste is slightly bitter. The habitat is with SPRUCE. Lacking water soluble blue pigments for dyeing wool, silk and other textiles. KOH not blackening flesh. Clamp connections on the hyphae.

The above description was provided by Darvin DeShazer in a small key he created to differentiate between Sarcodon imbricatus, S. squamosus and S. scabrosus based on Johannesson, Hanna, Svengunnar Ryman, Hjordis Lundmark and Eric Danell. 1999. Sarcodon imbricatus and S. squamosus – two confused species. Mycol. Res. 103 (11): 1447-1452.


Distribution:

Appears to be widely distributed where spruce grow in the northern hemisphere. The name is originally for a European collection and the name is regularly applied (though often incorrectly) in the western US and other areas.


Habitat:

Spruce forests.


Look Alikes:
Uses:

Used for dyeing fabrics. Not considered edible due to the bitter taste.


Notes:

Published as Sarcodon imbricatum, but since Sarcodon is masculine this is essentially considered a typo and the generally accepted name is Sarcodon imbricatus.

Photos: Arora (1987) p. 619 & plate 159; Arora (1991) p. 205; Barron (1999) p. 124; Bossenmaier (1997) p. 67B1; Breitenbach & Kranzlin (1986) p. 233; Cetto (1980a) p. 326; Dahncke (2001) p. 1045; Dahncke & Dahncke (1979) p. 624; Evenson (1997) p. 170; Harrison (1961) p. 51 #9; Phillips (2005) p. 277; Smith & Weber (1980) p. 70; Tylutki (1987) p. 150.

References:
1. Arora, D. 1986. Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA. 959p.
2. Arora, D. 1991. All That the Rain Promises, and More…A Hip Pocket Guide to Western Mushrooms. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA. 259p.
3. Atkinson, G. F. 1903. Mushrooms: Edible, Poisonous, Etc. Henry Holt & Co., New York, NY. 322p.
4. Baird, R. E. 1986. Study of the Stipitate Hydnums from the Southern Appalachian Mountains-Genera: Bankera, Hydnellum, Phellodon and Sarcodon. Biblo. Myco. Band 104, J. Cramer, New York, NY. 156p.
5. Barron, G. 1999. Mushrooms of Northeast North America: Midwest to New England. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, Canada. 336p.
6. Bessette, Arleen R. and Alan E. Bessette. 2001. The Rainbow Beneath My Feet: A Mushroom Dyer’s Field Guide. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York. 176p.
7. Bessette, A., A. Bessette and D. Fischer 1997. Mushrooms of Northeastern North America. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY. 582p.
8. Bessette, Arleen R., Alan E. Bessette, and William J. Neill. 2001. Mushrooms of Cape Cod and the National Seashore. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York. 174p.
9. Bossenmaier, Eugene F. 1997. Mushrooms of the Boreal Forest. University Extension Press, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada. 105p.
10.Breitenbach J. and F. Kranzlin. 1986. Fungi of Switzerland Vol. 2. Mykologia, Luzern. 412p.
11.Castellano, Michael A., Efrén Cázares, Bryan Fondrick and Tina Dreisbach. 2003. Handbook to Additional Fungal Species of Special Concern in the Northwest Forest Plan. PNW-GTR-572. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Portland, OR. 144p.
12.Cetto, Bruno. 1980a. Der große Pilzführer Band 1. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Zurich. 669p.
13.Cetto, Bruno. 1980b. Der große Pilzführer Band 2. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Zurich. 729p.
14.Evenson, Vera Stucky. 1997. Mushrooms of Colorado and the Southern Rocky Mountains. Westcliffe Publishers, Englewood, CO. 207p.
15.Harrison, Kenneth A. 1961. The Stipitate Hydnums of Nova Scotia. Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1099, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 60p.
16.Johannesson, Hanna, Svengunnar Ryman, Hjordis Lundmark and Eric Danell. 1999. Sarcodon imbricatus and S. squamosus – two confused species. Mycol. Res. 103 (11): 1447-1452.
17.Jordan, Michael. 2004. The Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe. Frances Lincoln, London, UK. 384p.
18.Læssøe, Thomas, Gary Lincoff and Anna Del Conte. 1996. The Knopf Mushroom Book. Alfred A. Knopf Canada, Toronto, Canada. 256p.
19.Læssøe, Thomas and Gary Lincoff. 2002. Smithsonian Handbooks: Mushrooms. DK Publishing Books, New York, NY. 304p.
20.Lincoff, G. H. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Mushrooms. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY. 926p.
21.McKenny, M., D. E. Stuntz and J. F. Ammirati. 1987. The New Savory Wild Mushroom. Univ. of Washington Press, Seattle, Wash. 250p.
22.McIlvaine, C. and R. K. MacAdam. 1973 (Reprint of 1902). One Thousand American Fungi. Something Else Press, West Glover, VT. 729p.
23.Miller, Orson and Hope Miller. 2006. North American Mushrooms: A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Falcon Guide, Guilford, CT. 583p.
24.Pegler, D. N., P. J. Roberts and B. M. Spooner. 1997. British Chanterelles And Tooth-Fungi: An account of the British Cantharelloid and stipitate Hydnoid Fungi. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K. 114p.
25.Phillips, R. 1981. Mushrooms and Other Fungi of Great Britain and Europe. Pan Books, Cavaye Place, London. 288p.
26.Phillips, R. 2005. Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Firefly Books, Buffalo, New York. 319p.
27.Sept, J. Duane. 2006. Common Mushrooms of the Northwest. Calypso Publishing, Sechelt, BC Canada. 94p.
28.Smith, A. H. and N. S. Weber. 1980. The Mushroom Hunter’s Field Guide: All Color and Enlarged. Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 316p.
29.Tylutki, E. E. 1987. Mushrooms of Idaho and the Pacific Northwest Non-gilled Hymnomycetes. Univ. Press of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. 232p.


Description authors: Nathan Wilson, Darvin DeShazer (Request Authorship Credit)


Created: 2007-07-01 01:43:05 CDT (-0400) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2010-04-14 21:05:30 CDT (-0400) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Viewed: 1580 times, last viewed: 2018-02-05 12:12:24 CST (-0500)