Public Description of Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds.) P. Kumm.

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Name: Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds.) P. Kumm.
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 Draft For Wild Mushrooms Of The Northeastern United States By Erlon (Private)

Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae


General Description:

Cap: 2-5 cm; conical to convex at first, becoming broadly convex to flat; smooth; dry; bright sulfur yellow to greenish yellow when fresh, sometimes yellowish orange when young, often with a darker center; the margin sometimes with small partial veil fragments.

Gills: Attached to the stem or pulling away from it; sulfur yellow, becoming olive or greenish yellow, eventually dusted with spores and therefore spotted purplish brown to blackish (see third illustration); close or crowded.

Stem: 5-12 cm long; 3-10 mm thick; more or less equal, or tapering to base, bright yellow to tawny, developing rusty brown stains from the base upwards; bright yellow partial veil present in buttons (see the bottom illustration), soon disappearing or leaving a ring zone near the top.

Flesh: Thin, yellow.

Odor and Taste: Odor not distinctive; taste bitter.

Spore Print: Purple brown.

Spores: 6-8 × 3.5-5 µ; elliptical; smooth; with a pore. Pleurocystidia ventricose to mucronate, often with a long neck; with refractive contents; to 42 × 11 µ. Cheilocystidia fusoid-ventricose; to 32 × 10 µ.


Distribution:

widely distributed


Habitat:

on decaying logs and stumps of hardwoods and conifers


Look Alikes:

Hypholoma subviride


References:

http://www.indexfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2003, January). Hypholoma fasciculare. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/hypholoma_fasciculare.html


Notes:

Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds.) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zwickau): 21, 72 (1871)

Sanctioning author:
Fr.

Basionym:
Agaricus fascicularis Huds. 1778


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editors: Erlon, Nathan Wilson


Created: 2009-10-05 21:22:28 CDT (-0500) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2014-02-04 04:57:35 CST (-0600) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 384 times, last viewed: 2018-01-21 01:47:41 CST (-0600)