Observation 113217: Russula Pers.
When: 2012-10-11
No herbarium specimen

Notes: I finally purchased a “samizdat” copy of Jeffrey Kirby & Ray Fatto’s “Keys to the Species of Russulas in Northeastern North America” from NJMA, so Russulas started to fill up my baskets. Well… not quite, but I began picking a couple here and there.

This one attracted my by its beautiful deep red cap and large size even though I knew that identification red-capped Russulas with or without a reference was likely to become a herculean task. Naturally, it had to grow either under pine or pine / oak.

The multiaccess key from the aforementioned reference (AHKNPS / AHKNQS)) based on cap color (A), barely peeling cuticle(H), white stipe (K), and cap diameter of 4-10 cm (N), and hot taste (S) was a dead end, for the description of R. bicolor, R. beardslei, or R. subpuncatata corresponding to the above code was nowhere near the appearance of my russula.

Here are some additinal details: no odor when intact, but exposed flesh had an unappetizing “chemical” smell; the stipe flesh turned grayish when cut; forked gills present, but restricted only to the margin area; the taste was moderately hot and became apparent within 3-5 sec.

Proposed Names

57% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


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Created: 2012-10-11 23:27:15 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2012-10-11 23:28:41 CDT (-0400)
Viewed: 28 times, last viewed: 2017-06-14 06:49:48 CDT (-0400)
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