Observation 118291: Lactarius salmonicolor R. Heim & Leclair
When: 2012-10-08
(46.4291° 13.618° 1m)
Herbarium specimen reported

Notes: Code: Bot_666/2012_DSC5593

Habitat: Dense mixed forest of young Picea abies, Abies alba, Larix decidua and Fagus Sylvatica, flat terrain, calcareous bedrock, probably acid soil, in shade (little ground vegetation), humid place, partly protected from direct rain by tree canopies, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 2-4 deg C, elevation 1.410 m (4.625 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: soil.

Place: Mt. Mangart region, 500 m northeast of Mt. Planja, 1.553 m, near forest road to the foot of Mt. Mali vrh, 1.991 m, Loška Koritnica valley, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: Growing solitary and in groups, many species, pileus diameter up to 14 cm, stem up to 7 cm tall; flesh quite brittle, milk orange-red at the beginning then turns beep blood red, SP creamy oac(857).

Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8

Species Lists


Comparison of gills of Lactarius deterimus (left) and L. salmonicolor (right). Note different color, density and color of staining.
A comparison of milk color of Lactarius deterimus (left) and L. salmonicolor (right). Samples made and photographed as quickly as possible after injury.

Proposed Names

85% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight
Used references: (1) R.M. Daehncke, 1200 Pilze in Farbfotos, AT Verlag (2009), p 950.
(2) R.Phillips, Mushrooms, Macmillan (2006), p 65.
(3) M.Bon, Parey’s Buch der Pilze, Kosmos (2005), p 80.
(4) S.Buczacki, Collins Fungi Guide, Collins (2012), p 282.
Based on microscopic features:
Spores warty with ornamentation. Dimensions: 9.2 (SD = 0.4) x 7.5 (SD = 0.4) micr., Q = 1.22 (SD = 0.07), n = 28 . Olympus CH20 (Motic B2-211A), NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil, in water.
Based on chemical features: taste pleasant at the beginning, then slowly turning slightly burning, smell pleasant mushroomy,

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


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Created: 2012-11-29 00:26:25 PST (-0800)
Last modified: 2012-11-29 00:26:31 PST (-0800)
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