Observation 119257: Clitocybe cokeri Hesler
When: 2012-12-07
(35.5618° -83.5007° 259m)


Found in half fairy ring in humus rich soil around Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos). Very distinctive odor (something sort of nutty, maybe even reminiscent of cilantro or stinkbugs). Cap diameter of the largest specimen 5.5 cm. Gills purple, fading to orange-brown in age.

Spores are amyloid.


Species Lists


Interesting cap texture, sort of like unpolished brass.
Interesting cap texture, sort of like unpolished brass.
Gills purple, no change when damaged.
Gills purple, no change when damaged.

Please login to propose your own names and vote on existing names.

Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


Add Comment
Clitocybe cokeri (Neohygrophorus cokeri)
By: Christine Braaten (wintersbefore)
2012-12-08 07:08:26 PST (-0800)

Hesler collected this species frequently from 1937-1964 (19 collections) but after 1964, no more records of this species (neither under the name C. cokeri or Neohygrophorus cokeri) being collected in the UT herbarium.
From that description in Redhead, Ammirati, Norvell & M.T. Seidl is available in Mycotaxon 76:324, I might want to verify spore size and amyloidicity and confirm some other microscopic characters:
-tramal pigments in the C. cokeri incrusting to intraparietal, yellowish to orangish brown in water, that become immediately salmon to rose tinted in KOH and then fade
-gelatinized pileipellis containeing scattered thin orangish refractive hyphae with contents that do fade in KOH.

The description does explain that N. cokeri is distinguished from N. angelesianus “by size and odor/taste (noting that C. cokeri produced larger basidiomes characterized by a farinaceous odor and taste) as well as by their
disjunct distribution (Ciirocybe cokeri appears to be restricted to Tennessee in
the Great Smoky Mountains and near Knoxville whereas N. angelesianus (as C.
mutabilis) is a western montane species.”

The citation for the Clitocybe cokeri (Hesler) is Smith & Hesler, Lloydia 6: 25 1. 1943 which is not available from Cyberliber but I may be able to access this, and if it waranted that level of investigation, could look at C. cokeri material in the herbarium as well.

The description of this species (N. cokeri) to have a destinctive odor, have a southeastern distribution, and fruit during winter months (December and January)would make this a very promising ID.

By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2012-12-08 05:49:39 PST (-0800)

It was first described as Clitocybe cokeri by Hesler & Smith (can’t find that one), but Neohygrophorus cokeri (Hesler) Redhead, Ammirati, Norvell & M.T. Seidl is available in Mycotaxon 76:324.

You can find it here: http://www.cybertruffle.org.uk/cyberliber/
choose Journals, then Mycotaxon, finally volume 76, page 324

By: Christine Braaten (wintersbefore)
2012-12-08 05:24:40 PST (-0800)

Irene, do you have a link or copy of this description? The smell was very distinctive! That it is known from TN makes that sounds like a very promising ID!

Good observation
By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2012-12-08 05:08:47 PST (-0800)

There is another species described, Neohygrophorus cokeri (Clitocybe cokeri).
It is said to differ from angelesianus only by its larger size and different smell – and being known from Tennessee :-)

By: Christine Braaten (wintersbefore)
2012-12-08 04:38:26 PST (-0800)

Seems to occur under Redwoods on the west coast. These were under hardwoods and some Juniperus virginiana and would be a first record of this species on the east coast other than my other observation: http://mushroomobserver.org/88206?q=u7cp
which was also found under hardwoods. l Also other observations of the species show a single small specimen, maybe two, while these were rather large (cap of the largest one 5.5 cm) and there were quite a few of them. I think I need to carefully recheck for amyloidicity in case the micro graphs are misleading.

By: Richard and Danielle Kneal (bloodworm)
2012-12-08 01:56:39 PST (-0800)

thank you.
wish that link still worked…
sounds awesome.

By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2012-12-08 01:18:08 PST (-0800)

I only browsed through the key to genera in Funga Nordica, but we don’t have Neohygrophorus – so I had to look up a description to that one.
I used to have a link to “Spores of the gilled fungi” where different characters were listed, but it has disappeared..

They look to me to be
By: Christine Braaten (wintersbefore)
2012-12-07 13:54:03 PST (-0800)

pretty obviously amyloid, but its difficult to see any detail or spore morphology. I will update with some better images when I get into the lab on Monday.

thanks irene…
By: Richard and Danielle Kneal (bloodworm)
2012-12-07 13:30:20 PST (-0800)

may i ask where you are getting this information?
just for future reference…

Amyloid spores
By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2012-12-07 13:18:29 PST (-0800)

in Neohygrophorus, Pseudoclitocybe and a few others – not in Lepista

Created: 2012-12-07 09:48:28 PST (-0800)
Last modified: 2014-02-09 09:08:38 PST (-0800)
Viewed: 318 times, last viewed: 2016-10-25 20:51:22 PDT (-0700)
Show Log