Observation 137230: Panaeolus (Fr.) Quél.
When: 2013-06-21
Who: zizi
No herbarium specimen

Notes: Since I found these in one group and they all looked just about the same to me, I’ve put them into one entry. Unless stated here, descriptions apply for the whole set. This is my first attempt at mushroom picking and description.

Note: these were found on a hot summer day. They seem to look old and cracked, drying out. I’m not sure of the ages either. But the day before was rainy which would have also impacted on the appearance.
Also, the first 5 photos were taken in sunlight but with flash. The others were purely sunlight and were initially intended as more artistic but I’ve decided to include them now.
The mushrooms have gone darker since the photos were taken. So when describing the change in appearance after time, I refer to about 5-6 hours after the photos.

1. Cap
Size: 0.8-2 cm wide, rounded caps are 0.5-1.5 cm high while flatter ones are 0.3-0.4 cm high
General Shape: Ovate, but some are flat
Modifiers: Umbonate
Texture: Dry, soft
Visual: Smooth; Some slightly scaly but not in the entire of the cap, only a small part – like one side of the cap, no obvious pattern to this. The scales are not all around the nipple, just in small areas.
Color: Light brown with slightly darker shade of brown at centre/nipple; Colour darkens as it dries out. Some even go very dark brown.
Flesh of the cap: Thin; Cream to light brown, darkening as mushroom dries; Fragile
Odor: Mushroomy like white button mushrooms from the grocery

2. Gills
Attachment to Stem: Seceding
Spacing: Close (average)
Color: dark brown to black. The edges (esp when viewed edge-on) seem whitish-greyish
Not all gills attached to cap. Some are longer and wider (note: not thicker) than others. They seem to go big-small-big-small-etc.
While the gills start from the inside top of the cap, as they go down to the base of the cap, they flatten. In other words, the overall inside shape of the gills are conical but flatten at the base.

3. Stalk
Location: Centre of cap
Size: 0.1-0.2 cm in diameter/thickness, 4-5 cm in length
Shape: Equal in the ones that seem fresher (where the stems are not ‘wilted’ looking at the bottom); Tapering downwards (thinner at the bottom), in most of the sample, and going black and wilted-like at the bottom (where roots may have been?); Some seem to have roots although these look dried out
Touch: Moist at the moment of picking, some stems even smeared a bit on my hands; After picking they eventually feel much drier (obviously)
Visual: Smooth, wilted/‘dissolved’ in certain parts esp close to the caps
Color: light brown, shiny under light
Consistency: Some seem solid; Seemed soft and easily breakable when picking, afterwards they seem a bit harder. The inside is moist however.

4. Veils: no veils (or remnants of) seem to be present

5. Spores
Color: Very, very dark brown, almost black even.

6. Habit
Substrate: on ground, soil, surrounded by grass.
Grouping: They were all grouped together. The size of the group/location was approx 7 inches in diameter.


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Proposed Names

28% (1)
Recognized by sight
55% (1)
Recognized by sight: Jet black gills in maturity.

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


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Created: 2013-06-21 21:25:09 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2013-06-21 21:57:29 CDT (-0400)
Viewed: 34 times, last viewed: 2016-10-20 21:30:47 CDT (-0400)
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