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|I’d Call It That||3.0||5.66||1|
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And the collectors reported them as “peach” colored, too:
Geml, J., G. A. Laursen, K. O’Neill, H. C. Nusbaum and D. L. Taylor. 2006. Beringian origins and cryptic speciation events in the fly agaric (Amanita muscaria). Mol. Ecol. 15: 225-239.
Geml, J., R. E. Tulloss, G. A. Laursen, N. A. Sazanova and D. L. Taylor. 2008. Evidence for strong inter- and intracontinental phylogeographic structure in Amanita muscaria, a wind-dispersed ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete. Molec. Phylog. Evol. 48: 694-701.
Geml, J., R. E. Tulloss, G. A. Laursen, N. A. Sazanova and D. L. Taylor. 2010. Phylogeographic analyses of a boreal-temperate ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Amanita muscaria, suggest forest refugia in Alaska during the last glacial maximum. in Habel, J. C. and R. Assman, eds. Relict species. Phylogeography and conservation biology: 173-186.
As far as I know, the undescribed muscaria taxons from Santa Cruz island are also directly descended from the european clade I.
I think this species is very cool because it appears to be the first successful descendant of an ancestor of Amanita muscaria that made it across the Beringian land bridge and all the way to the SE U.S. Its Straits-crossing ancestor may not have been the first associated with the muscaria ancestry, but it got to the SE and probably managed to survive subsequent glaciations in refugia in what we now call the “deep south” of the U.S.
It would be interesting to know about the related history of migration that is probably associated with Amanita frostiana.
Created: 2013-07-12 16:41:44 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2013-07-12 16:46:01 CDT (-0400)
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