Observation 140838: Galerina Earle
When: 2013-07-18
No herbarium specimen
0 Sequences

In a mixed forest, growing on a log, near water. Ring present in some, disappearing too. Stem bends without breaking (not fragile), very dark brown, hollow, dark brown inside. Bottom of stem (in some) covered with with white tissue and white hairs, rather thick. Caps up to 3.5 cm across. Gills light brown when young.

Spores ~7 × 4. Basidia 4-spored, ~ (20 + 4) x 6. Band of cheilocystidia, ~25 × 8. Pleurocystida scattered, 60 × 10.


Spores in KOH.
Basidia and and a floating pleurocystidium (?). From a thin slice including gill edge.
Pileipellis. Clamps present.

Proposed Names

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Recognized by sight
53% (3)
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Recognized by sight

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Douglas (Kuehneromyces vs. Galerina)
By: Sava Krstic (sava)
2013-07-25 03:21:08 CDT (-0500)

Germ pores are not always visible, but sometimes they are. I added a photo that shows them more clearly. (This photo was taken at 1000x, the previous one at 400×.)

Thanks for pointing out that Kuehneromyces has cheilocystidia. Clearly, there is an error in the book I used.

Do you (or anyone else) happen to know what are the features used to distinguish Kuehneromyces from Galerina?

By: Douglas Smith (douglas)
2013-07-24 12:21:31 CDT (-0500)

I can’t quite tell, do the spores have a germ pore or not? It looks like maybe a few of them seem to have a germ pore. It might be good to see if the spores are dextrinoid or not also, you have shots here in KOH, but not Meltzer’s? Are those photos of spores at 1000x? They look small.

But Kuehneromyces certainly does have cheilocystidia, plenty of them, you can see that here:


They don’t have pleurocystidia though… In any case, not convinced yet this might be Galerina.

By: Christian (Christian Schwarz)
2013-07-24 11:28:22 CDT (-0500)

I was going to also suggest Galerina, but for some reason the gestalt seemed too odd. Neat one.

By: Sava Krstic (sava)
2013-07-24 02:52:34 CDT (-0500)

I was not able to eliminate Galerina and this would be now my best bet too. Last year I found what appeared to be Galerina mammillata (Observation 100058), but this doesn’t look quite the same (gills are closer).


By: Richard Kneal (bloodworm)
2013-07-24 02:08:08 CDT (-0500)

ok…i thought purple was present in the photographs of the stipe…

i think it is Galerina…

By: Sava Krstic (sava)
2013-07-24 02:05:48 CDT (-0500)

@Christian:: Kuehneromyces was the first genus that came to my mind when I saw these, but then I read “cheilocystidia never present” (in boldface) in Largent & Barony’s “How to ID … VI”.

@Richard:: I’m not seeing purple, definitely not in the spore print.

By: Richard Kneal (bloodworm)
2013-07-24 00:59:59 CDT (-0500)

all that purple?

Could it be
By: Christian (Christian Schwarz)
2013-07-24 00:47:33 CDT (-0500)
With this veil
By: Sava Krstic (sava)
2013-07-24 00:01:07 CDT (-0500)

… and cystidia, can it be a Cortinarius?

Created: 2013-07-23 23:14:48 CDT (-0500)
Last modified: 2013-07-24 11:28:42 CDT (-0500)
Viewed: 89 times, last viewed: 2017-09-19 17:24:37 CDT (-0500)
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