Observation 145296: Discina ancilis (Pers.) Sacc.
When: 2013-04-20
46.1407° 46.1407° 310m
No herbarium specimen
0 Sequences

Code: Bot_705/2013_DSC6028

Habitat: Light, mixed, predominantly hardwood woodland, nearly flat terrain, cretaceous clastic rock (flysh), partly rain protected by trees canopies, mostly in shade, precipitations ~3.000 mm/year, average temperature 8-10 deg C, elevation 490 m (1.600 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: heavily rotten Picea abies trunk laying on ground.

Place: Bovec basin, on top of Rabeljnik hill, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: Growing solitary almost at the ground level, however attached to the wood, fruit body diameter 10.5 cm (4.1 inch), smell indistinctive, flesh rubbery but quite brittle when wet and hard and firm when dried; almost no SP, color indistinguishable; upper side of pilei brown-red (oac636), lower side appears waxy, pale whitish brown (oac718).

Measured spores pose a problem. All asci in a tissue sample I examined were sterile. This is not unusual (see Ref.:7.) since fertile asci can be found only in fully mature sporocarps. In spite of that there were several scattered spores found in the sample taken from the fertile surface with a soft wet tip of a brush (picture of the spores is a CS combo!). However, only a few were fusiform with apiculi as it should be the case with Discina ancilis. Their dimensions fit more or less to the expected dimensions. The length of the rest of the spores is OK, but they are significantly too wide and of untypical shape. Possibly they belong to another fungus (?). Oil drops are also missing. Possibly these drops develop only in fully mature spores? Asci and paraphyses dimensions fit to expectations. Very similar Disciotis venosa has much smaller spores and distinct smell on chlorine. It also grows on soil, which was not the case with this observation.

Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8 and Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5

Proposed Names

57% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight
Used references: (1) Personal communication with Mr. Bojan Rot.
(2) A.Poler, Veselo po gobe (in Slovene), Mohorjeva družba Celovec (2002), p 48.
(3) http://www.jstor.org/stable/3753296?seq=4
(4) http://www.gobe.si/Gobe/DiscinaAncilis
(5) http://www.drustvo-bisernica.si/oldpage/discinaancilis.htm
(6) http://www.gobe.si/Gobe/DisciotisVenosa
(7) D.Arora, Mushrooms Demystified, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley (1986), p 796.
(8) D.Arora, Mushrooms Demystified, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley (1986), p 798.
(9) http://www.mushroomexpert.com/gyromitra_perlata.html
(10 ) R.M. Davis, R. Sommer, J.A. Menge, Mushrooms of Western North America, UC Press, Berkeley (2012), p 404.
(11) D.Arora, Mushrooms Demystified, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley (1986), p 798.
(12) http://www.rogersmushrooms.com/...
Based on microscopic features: Spores smooth. Dimensions (all spores found): 37.6 (SD = 3.2) x 18.6 (SD = 2.4) μ, Q = 2,04 (SD = 0.26), n = 30; if only spindle form spores with apiculi are taken into account and measured without apiculi: 34,3 (SD = 2,9) x 15,8 (SD = 1,2) μ, Q = 2,2 (SD = 0.4), n = 5. Paraphyses septated, with swollen tips, full of grains, diameter about 7-9 μ at the tip and 4.5-6 μ in the middle, densely clustered. Asci sterile (no spores visible), about 16-20 μ diameter and about450 μ in length. Olympus CH20, NEA 40x/1.25, magnification 400x in water, Congo red. AmScope MA500 digital camera.

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Created: 2013-09-12 13:49:26 PDT (-0700)
Last modified: 2013-09-12 13:49:34 PDT (-0700)
Viewed: 50 times, last viewed: 2017-06-16 10:56:18 PDT (-0700)
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