Observation 153896: Nectria peziza (Tode) Fr.
When: 2013-09-20
(46.3598° 13.7046° 560m)

Notes: Code: Bot_751/2013_DSC7977

Habitat: Path side surrounded by pastures and mixed wood, near a farm house, locally flat terrain on southeast oriented mountain slope, open place, half sunny, mixed overgrown old scree and alluvial deposits, calcareous ground, exposed to direct rain, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, elevation 560 m (1.850 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: old, debarked, hollow stump of a cut down Juglans regia in its final stage of disintegration.

Place: Lower Trenta valley, near abandoned farm house Skokar, Trenta 2, between villages Soča and Trenta, right bank of river Soča, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: First I thought this is a myxomicete, however, microscope immediately revealed that it belongs to ascomycetes. Two species (within the scope of the literature available to me) Nectria peziza and Nectria coccinea were the closest candidates. Based on fruit body size, ostioles and oil drops N. peziza seems a better fit.

Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8 and Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5

Proposed Names

57% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight: Was recognized only after skoping.
Used references: (1) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.1. Ascomycetes, Verlag Mykologia (1984), p 260.
(2) H.O. Baral & O. Baral, G. Marson, In vivo veritas, Hypocreales, 2xCD, 2nd edition (2003)
(3) http://www.rogersmushrooms.com/...
(4) F. J. Seaver, Notes on North American Hypocreales-II. Nectria Peziza, Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, p203. (available at http://www.jstor.org/stable/2479115?seq=3 )
(5) T. Matsushima, Icones Microfungorum a Matsushima lectorum(1975), p179 (available at http://www.mycobank.org )
Based on microscopic features: Fruit body diameter: 0.39 (SD = 0.04) mm, n = 15 (in Ref.: (2) two observations cited: 0.34 mm and 0.3 to 0.5 mm). Ostioles clearly visible. Spores are septated and not warty. When observed slightly out of focus, longitudinal groves are barely visible on some (with my equipment), very slightly constricted, always with two large oil drops. Dimensions of free spores: 11.9(SD = 0.3) x 6.0 (SD = 0.14) μ, Q= 2.00 (SD = 0.14), n= 15. Dimensions of spores measured within asci: 11.7 (SD = 0.9) x 6.2 (SD = 0.5) μ, Q = 1.91 (SD = 0.24), n = 20, (data from Ref.: (2): 11.9 (SD = 1.1) x 5.9 (SD = 0.5) μ, n = 7). Asci dimensions: 88.1 (SD = 10.3) x 9.6 (SD = 1.0) μ, n = 9, (data from Ref.: (2): 70 – 90/7-9 μ; in Ref.:(1) = 60 – 80/7-10 μ). Olympus CH20 NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil (pictures of spores, apical ring), NEA 40x/0.65, magnification 400x (asci, trama), Bausch & Lomb 4x/0.10, magnification 40x (perithecia), in water. AmScope MA500 digital camera.

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Created: 2013-11-29 05:15:18 EST (-0500)
Last modified: 2013-11-29 05:15:27 EST (-0500)
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