Observation 160450: Exidia pithya Fr.
When: 2014-01-11
(46.3702° 13.724° 650m)

Notes: Code: Bot_781/2014_DSC9767

Habitat: steep, rocky, southeast oriented mountain slope, light mixed forest with Picea abies, Fagus sylvatica, Fraxinus ornus, Ostrya carprinifolia, Corylus avellana dominant; calcareous ground, sunny and dry place, exposed to direct rain, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 6-8 deg C, elevation 650 m (2.150 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: cut down and debarked timber of Picea abies, early initial stage of disintegration.

Place: Lower Trenta valley, southeast slopes of Mt. Pelc, dirt forest road to Berebica, between third and fourth switchback, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: Taxonomy of black Exidia species is not yet agreed upon and distinguishing among them is often a difficult task. However, Exidia pithya is supposed to be an ‘easy’ case. Substratum (exclusively conifers), almost complete lack of glandular warts, small overall size and relatively thin fruit bodies should reliably distinguish it from other black species of this genus. Young fruit bodies are often distinctly radially wrinkled (Ref.: (4)). Microscopic traits are very variable in this genus and hence of little discriminatory power. A surprise of this observation seems to be the substratum. Namely, Ref. : (5) states for it only conifers in bark, while my observation grows directly on wood.

Growing in groups of several fruit bodies, many coalescing. Dimensions of coalescing fruit bodies up to 1.5 × 2.8 cm and only up to 2(3) mm thick.

There were only a few spores found. They are a bit too wide and surprisingly septated. I also fund many arthrospores in chains. Since I lack special literature I am uncertain that they both belong to my observation. Measured basidia dimensions fit reasonably well to data from literature; eventually they are a bit too narrow according to Ref.: (3).

Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8 and Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5

Proposed Names

92% (2)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight: Black, thin and on conifers.
Used references: (1) http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/...
(2) http://www.rogersmushrooms.com/...
(3) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.2. VerlagMykologia (1984), p 62.
(4) http://forum.pilze-bayern.de/...
(5) Jülich, cited in Ref.: (4)
(6) A.E. Torkelsen, Nordic Macromycetes, Vol. 3., cited in Ref.:(4)
(7) Neuhoff, Pilzen Mitteleuropas, cited in Ref.:(4)
(8) G.J. Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Bade-Württembergs, Band 1, Ulmer (2000), p 100.
Based on microscopic features: Spores smooth. Dimensions: 13.9 [14.9 ; 16.6] 17.6 × 5.9 [6.1 ; 6.4] 6.6 microns, Q = 2.2 [2.4 ; 2.7] 2.8; N = 5 ; C = 95%, Me = 15.8 × 6.2 microns, Qe = 2.5. Arthrospore dimensions: 8,9 [11 ; 12,2] 14,2 × 4,2 [5,1 ; 5,6] 6,5 microns, Q = 1,4 [2 ; 2,4] 3; N = 20; C = 95%, Me = 11,6 × 5,4 microns; Qe = 2,2.
Basidia longitudinally septated, dimensions: 10.7 [13.6 ; 15.3] 18.1 × 6.2 [8.3 ; 9.6] 11.7 microns, Q = 1.1 [1.5 ; 1.8] 2.2; N = 19 ; C = 95%, Me = 14.4 × 9 microns; Qe = 1.6. Olympus CH20, NEA 40x/0.65, magnification 400 x, in water. AmScope MA500 digital camera.

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus

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Created: 2014-02-26 08:52:16 EST (-0500)
Last modified: 2014-02-26 09:01:10 EST (-0500)
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