Observation 16064: Amanita rubescens Pers.
When: 1995-09-25
Collection location: Gotland, Sweden [Click for map]
No herbarium specimen

Notes: This is a BIG one, check the oak leaves..

Proposed Names

84% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight: var. rubescens

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
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Thank you, Irene.
By: R. E. Tulloss (ret)
2009-01-05 13:29:20 CST (-0500)

Thank you, Irene.

This dark-capped species is the one that I have understood to be [the European] Amanita rubescens. I have seen it in the Netherlands with Dr. Bas, in Scotland and England with Dr. Watling and Geoff Kibby, in Norway with Dr. Gulden, and (I believe) in France with my late friend, Francis Massart. I have also been sent exsiccata of the same thing from several other European countries including Switzerland, Italy, the Czech Republic, and (I think) Turkey. Of course it is well-illustrated in nearly all of the European Field Guides that I have seen. In Scotland, I collected it in a plantation of Pinus as well as broad-leaved forests.

I much appreciate your sharing your photographs.

Very best,


Thank you, Irene.
By: R. E. Tulloss (ret)
2009-01-05 13:22:45 CST (-0500)
This is for ret..
By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2009-01-05 13:08:43 CST (-0500)

My trouble has been that I have recognized three species in Scandinavia (or thought I did).
First, this sturdy and often very dark brown-capped one that grows with hardwoods and only in the southern parts.
Second, the almost white to pale pinkish one that usually is found in spruce forests, more common up north (obs. 16063).
Third, a grey species that I always have had a hard time to distinguish from A. excelsa/spissa, sometimes blushing, sometimes not. It seems all clear to me now, when I read the name “European False Blusher” – all of them are excelsa.
I think I’m not the only one who has reported some of them as A. rubescens :-)

Created: 2009-01-05 12:51:11 CST (-0500)
Last modified: 2012-11-16 13:35:48 CST (-0500)
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