Observation 160803: Ramaria abietina (Pers.) Quél.
When: 2013-10-09
(46.4035° 13.7066° 970m)

Notes: Code: Bot_759/2013_DSC8566

Habitat: overgrown alluvial deposits of an alpine river, a small patch of an open, pure Picea abies forest growing on long time abandoned alpine pasture; calcareous ground, flat terrain; deep shade, partly protected from direct rain by tree canopy, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 4-6 deg C, elevation 970 m (3.200 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: deep layer of Picea abies needles and humus under a ‘roof’ of low, dense Picea abies branches.

Place: Zadnja Trenta valley, south of the Fjori farmhouse, left bank of dry Soča river bed (Sušec), East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: Genus Ramaria is difficult regarding species determination. I rarely find something, which would perfectly fit to the books. However this observation seems quite reliable, because of typical habitat, substratum and habitus. In addition spores fit expectations too.

Growing gregariously, most of about ten fruit bodies in a row; fruit bodies’ dimensions up to 4 × 4 × 3 cm; flesh quite firm and pliant; SP brown, oac869. Fruit bodies becoming slowly dirty greenish-gray when handled.

Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8

Proposed Names

57% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight: With Picea abies, small and greening.
Used references: (1) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.2. Verlag Mykologia (1984), p 354.
(2) E. Schild, Was ist Ramaria aurea und Ramaria flava, Z. Mycol., Vol.44, no 2. (1978), p 171.cited in Ref.:(1)
(3) S. Buczacki, Collins Fungi Guide, Collins (2012), p 462.
(4) M. Bon, Parey’s Buch der Pilze, Kosmos (2005), p 308.
(5) G. J. Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Baden-Württembergs, Band 2, Ulmer (2000), p 64.
(6) D. Arora, Mushrooms Demystified, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley (1986), p 650.
Based on microscopic features:
Spores spiny. Dimensions: 7 [8 ; 8.4] 9.4 × 2.1 [3.7 ; 4.4] 6 microns, Q = 1.5 [2 ; 2.2] 2.7; N = 31; C = 95%, Me = 8.2 × 4 microns; Qe = 2.1. Olympus CH20, NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil, in water. AmScope MA500 digital camera.
Based on chemical features: Taste slightly bitter, smell indistinctive,mushroomy.

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus

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Created: 2014-03-06 09:03:54 PST (-0800)
Last modified: 2014-03-06 09:04:08 PST (-0800)
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