Observation 196170: Tulostoma Pers.
When: 2015-01-12
No herbarium specimen

Notes: Ecology : Growing in sandy soil alongside a disturbed gravel-tar path. There about 20-30 pods along the path, all were mature and had emptied most of the spore; some were well into rotting. Nearby (2-15 feet) was mixed pine, hardwoods.

Capsule was about 1 cm in diameter and of a triform shape. Color of capsule enclosure is clay-brown. Stalk is reddish brown. Note that all capsules were very dirty due recent heavy rains.

Spore Print: spores emptied from partially emptied capsule. Color was yellowish-brown.

Spore Size: Subglobose, very warty, warts 0.3-0.7 μm. Spore sizes were measured including the warts.

[20/1/1] L (-) 5.7 – 6.9 (-7.1) μm x W (5.0-) 5.2 – 6.3 (-6.4) μm, (L = 6.3 μm, W = 5.8 μm), Q (-) 1.02 – 1.19 (-1.22), Q = 1.10 Subglobose

Images

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Proposed Names

28% (1)
Recognized by sight
53% (2)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus

Comments

Add Comment
I fear most T. brumale in herbaria are not.
By: Bob Chapman (Disciseda)
2015-01-13 13:59:19 CST (-0500)

T. brumale is the type for the genus. Its amongst the most common in Europe. People find a Tulostoma, it must then be brumale. One finds an Agaricus in a field they call it campestris. That’s just what I think.

DO NOT put in your dehydrator. Let completely air dry, it won’t take but a day or two, put in a small box, tin, something with stiff sides. Bags of any type suck, as the contents are likely to get damaged. (some will argue with this assertion)

Three is a collection. Thirty is a very nice collection. More is always better.

habitat
By: L G Price (LG_Price)
2015-01-13 11:06:41 CST (-0500)

I wondered about the habitat. The only match is the sand. It’s certainly different than the habitat for T. Brumale described in England.

Thanks for the link to the description in Mycoportal. I didn’t find that but will look it over. It takes me a while to figure these things out, I am still new to id’ing mushrooms.

You’ve looked at the sightings for T. Brumale in Mycoportal. When synomyns are included there are a lot of sightings in Texas, near Austin, and other places in the SE. Most of the observations were made in the first half of the 20th century. As these are for preserved specimens, I assume some are still available for study.

There were actually about 30 that I found, not 3. I will save the ones I have and maybe go get a few more, I don’t live too far from this location.

But, how to preserve? Do I put these into the food dehydrator? I will have a dehydrator full of yellow-brown spore. I guess I could empty the pods, and dry the rest.

Probably not brumale
By: Bob Chapman (Disciseda)
2015-01-13 10:51:50 CST (-0500)

The spores of brumale usually range between 4.0 – 5.0μ, these are much larger. Brumale has a membranous to semi-membranous exoperidium, this looks entirely hyphal. Habitat is iffy. Brumale is really small, these not so. See Wright’s description:

http://mycoportal.org/...

I find a number of Tulostomas in the southwest (AZ, NM) that are Brumaleish, i.e. tubular mouth with dark peristome. I’ve not been able to ID one of them for sure. Its frustrating.

Nice work-up and images. Please say you saved the collection.

Probably not brumale
By: Bob Chapman (Disciseda)
2015-01-13 10:51:46 CST (-0500)

The spores of brumale usually range between 4.0 – 5.0μ, these are much larger. Brumale has a membranous to semi-membranous exoperidium, this looks entirely hyphal. Habitat is iffy. Brumale is really small, these not so. See Wright’s description:

http://mycoportal.org/...

I find a number of Tulostomas in the southwest (AZ, NM) that are Brumaleish, i.e. tubular mouth with dark peristome. I’ve not been able to ID one of them for sure. Its frustrating.

Nice work-up and images. Please say you saved the collection.

Why not Tulostoma brumale?
By: L G Price (LG_Price)
2015-01-13 10:46:37 CST (-0500)

Thanks for looking.

Created: 2015-01-13 00:12:26 CST (-0500)
Last modified: 2015-01-13 11:10:46 CST (-0500)
Viewed: 46 times, last viewed: 2016-05-13 08:57:23 CDT (-0400)
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