Observation 196586: Lactarius camphoratus (Bull.) Fr.

When: 2014-09-09

Collection location: Lower Trenta Valley, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia [Click for map]

46.3653° 13.7499° 950m

Who: amadej trnkoczy (amadej)

Specimen available

Code: Bot_835/2014_DSC3920

Habitat: mixed wood, Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica dominant trees, moderately inclined calcareous ground, eventually locally somewhat acid; NW oriented mountain slope, humid and shady place, partly protected from direct rain by tree canopies; average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 5-7 deg C, elevation 950 m (3.100 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: moss covered forest soil among (decayed) roots of a Picea abies stump in its latest stage of disintegration (decomposed almost to soil).

Place: Lower Trenta valley, next to the trail from village Trenta to Planina Lepoč, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC.

Comments: Growing in several groups of up to four pilei together, more than 15 pilei all together present; pilei diameter 4 – 5 cm; stipe 3 – 4 cm tall and about 8 – 9 mm in diameter; SP abundant, beige, oac857; pilei not bruising; milk quite abundant, whitish, actually consisting of watery fluid with white milky, like coagulated, inclusions; milk not changing color and remaining white even when dry.

Proposed Names

85% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight: Characteristic ‘unicolor’ of fruit bodies and stron smell on spices.
Used references: (1) G.J. Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Baden-Württembergs, Band 2., Ulmer (2000), p 407.
(2) R. M. Daehncke, 1200 Pilze in Farbfotos, AT Verlag (2009), p 984.
(3) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.6. Verlag Mykologia (2005), p 52.
(4) M. Bon, Parey’s Buch der Pilze, Kosmos (2005), p 98.
(5) R. Lueder, Grundkurs Pilzbestimmung, Quelle & Meyer (2008), p 191.
(6) S. Buczacki, Collins Fungi Guide, Collins (2012), p 294.
Based on microscopic features: Spores coarsely warty with some ridges. Dimensions: 6.9 [7.6 ; 7.9] 8.6 × 6 [6.7 ; 7] 7.7 microns; Q = 1.1 [1.12 ; 1.15] 1.2; N = 32; C = 95%; Me = 7.7 × 6.8 microns; Qe = 1.1.
Olympus CH20, NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil; in water; live material. AmScope MA500 digital camera.
Based on chemical features: Taste mild but distinctive, mushroomy, slightly unpleasant; smell first mild, later stronger and particularly strong when dry, on spices; milk taste mild not burning or being distinctly bitter.

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


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Created: 2015-01-18 05:43:40 PST (-0800)
Last modified: 2015-01-18 05:46:06 PST (-0800)
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