Observation 220644: Hypholoma lateritium (Schaeffer) P. Kummer
When: 2015-10-19
(46.3315° 13.6874° 640m)

Notes: Habitat: overgrown former pasture, now thickets of low trees and bushes, Picea abies, Acer sp., Corylus avellana, Fagus sylvatica dominant; moderately inclined mountain slope, northeast aspect; calcareous ground, close to a small water stream; in shade, partly protected from direct rain by tree canopies, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 6-8 deg C, elevation 640 m (2.100 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: apparently on ground, actually on buried rotten wood or roots of an unknown kind. Pilei shown on picture 25 growing probably on Picea abies.

Place: Lepena valley, southwest of the road leading to Na skali settlement, next to the trail to Črč place, East Julian Alps, Posočje, Slovenia EC

Comments: This very common but also very beautiful mushrooms were growing in five groups from a few to many fruit bodies; pileus diameter up to 6 cm, stem up to 10 cm long and 7-8 mm in diameter; SP surprisingly abundant, purple-brown with a violet tint, oac525.

Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8 and Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5

Proposed Names

85% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight
Used references: (1) J. Breitenbach, F. Kraenzlin, Eds., Fungi of Switzerland, Vol.4. Verlag Mykologia (2000), p 328.
(2) G.J. Krieglsteiner (Hrsg.), Die Grosspilze Baden-Württembergs, Band 4., Ulmer (2003), p 358.
(3) R.M. Daehncke, 1200 Pilze in Farbfotos, AT Verlag (2009), p 605.
(4) A. Poler, ed., Seznam gliv Slovenije, 2nd Ed., Assoc. of Mycol. Soc. of Slovenia (in Slovenian) (1998), p 224.
(5) R. Phillips, Mushrooms, Macmillan (2006), p 232.
Based on microscopic features: Spores smooth. Dimensions: 6,2 [6,7 ; 6,9] 7,3 × 3,9 [4,2 ; 4,3] 4,5 microns; Q = 1,5 [1,6] 1,8; N = 30; C = 95%; Me = 6,8 × 4,2 microns; Qe = 1,6. Olympus CH20, NEA 100x/1.25, magnification 1.000 x, oil, in water. AmScope MA500 digital camera.
Based on chemical features: Taste unpleasant, somewhat biter; smell indistinctive, mushroomy or on dust or soil.

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus

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Created: 2015-10-26 08:24:22 CDT (-0500)
Last modified: 2015-10-26 08:26:50 CDT (-0500)
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