Observation 22592: Hygrocybe (Fr.) P. Kumm.

When: 2009-06-24

Collection location: Kaipara harbour, Auckland, New Zealand [Click for map]

Who: Michael W (Michael Wallace)

Specimen available

On soil under tree ferns in native New Zealand bush, (Cyathea, Kunzea and Leptospermum).
Maybe Hygrocybe cantharellus although this collection has distinct yellow-orange lamellae with a scarlet margin.

Species Lists



Copyright © 2009 Michael
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Spores, all microscopy scale divisions = 2.5 microns.
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Copyright © 2009 Michael
Pigmented cells of the pileipellis.

Proposed Names

58% (3)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight
51% (3)
Recognized by sight: “Gill margins even, at first scarlet, becoming orange and finally dark yellow.” from Young
Used references: Young, A. M. 2005. Fungi of Australia: Hygrophoraceae. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra; CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, Australia. 179p.

Please login to propose your own names and vote on existing names.

Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


Add Comment
Hygrocybe sp.
By: Clive Shirley (myxo)
2009-08-21 03:35:19 CDT (-0400)

I went into Landcare Research last week and looked again at all the Hygrocybe cantharellus collections provided by or ID by me and two of these were this Hygrocybe with cheilocystidia. Updated there records but it could be a long time before this is reflected in there website.

By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2009-06-30 03:20:30 CDT (-0400)

A description made from the type – one single collection – may not cover the whole variation of the species. But it is also described with a yellow to orange cap, and associated with Sphagnum..

Probably not dorothyae then, but this beautiful Hygrocybe deserves a name!

Hygrocybe dorothyae
By: Clive Shirley (myxo)
2009-06-30 01:26:38 CDT (-0400)

The presence of cheilocystidia eliminates H. cantharellus but Iam not convinced these are H. dorothyae ether as spores are to big and wrong shape.

H. dorothyae spores are 8.7-10 × 7-8 um broadly ellipsoid.

By: Michael W (Michael Wallace)
2009-06-29 06:45:42 CDT (-0400)

I just examined this again under the microscope,
Spores: 10-12.5 × 6-7.5 microns, ovoid.
Cheilocystidia: conspicuous, 70-75 × 12-15 microns, narrowly clavate.

Hygrocybe dorothyae
By: Clive Shirley (myxo)
2009-06-29 04:08:19 CDT (-0400)

I looked up the description of H. dorothyae which has a larger fruiting body and fads to orange/yellow with age. This species is easily separated from H. cantharellus which has no cheilocystidia were H. dorothyae has.

I looked through my photos of H. cantharellus and have one that shows red gill edges but only on young fruiting body’s the older ones don’t. So It will be interesting to see if cheilocystidia are present Michael collection.

Thanks darv,
By: Michael W (Michael Wallace)
2009-06-28 22:12:56 CDT (-0400)

If this is H. dorothyae I think this is the first record of that species in New Zealand.

From a distance I thought this cluster was a piece of rubbish until I got a bit closer, also most red mushrooms in New Zealand are very small, the pileus was 15-35mm in diameter.

undescribed Hygrocybe
By: Andreas Gminder (mollisia)
2009-06-28 17:30:38 CDT (-0400)

in my opinion. Though this is not my special field I have to admit.

By: Michael W (Michael Wallace)
2009-06-28 07:07:28 CDT (-0400)

This is what I thought and was my reason for leaving the naming Hygrocybe sp.

By: Irene Andersson (irenea)
2009-06-28 06:38:06 CDT (-0400)

Concolorous edge means concolorous with the rest of the gills. I have never seen H. cantharellus with a red gill edge, or any such description of it.

By: Clive Shirley (myxo)
2009-06-28 05:24:40 CDT (-0400)

concolorous with the pileus is what I understand that it means

By: Michael W (Michael Wallace)
2009-06-28 03:44:25 CDT (-0400)

The only reason I suggested Hygrocybe sp was due to the red margins of the lamellae, the descriptions for all described species of scarlet Hygrocybe in New Zealand mention concolorous edges, does this mean concolorous with the pileus?

Created: 2009-06-28 03:12:30 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2009-06-28 03:12:30 CDT (-0400)
Viewed: 266 times, last viewed: 2017-06-06 01:08:17 CDT (-0400)
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