Observation 27531: Nomuraea atypicola (Yasuda) Samson
When: 2009-06-20
No herbarium specimen

Notes: Fungus spider (possible Beauveria sp. or Sugar Icing Fungus)
A spider caught by fungus. After a little research it would appear that this is likely to be a highly specific fungus, which only attacks the one species of spider – and it may be as specific as a species of huntsman (which this is). This is possible a species of Beauveria fungus which is similar to Metarhizium anisopliae. This is used to, among other things, attack the Australian plague locust. It seems likely that the spider gets infected by the fungus which then takes 10-14 days to kill it. It then continues to grow (like this) and will presumably produce some fruiting bodies. These may not be very prominent as a large mushroom growing out of a spider would probably have been noted by now.

[admin – Sat Aug 14 02:02:58 +0000 2010]: Changed location name from ‘Minyan Falls, NE NSW, Australia’ to ‘Minyan Falls, Northeastern New South Wales, Australia’

Proposed Names

44% (2)
Eye3
Recognized by sight
63% (2)
Eyes3
Recognized by sight: Two things make me think this is Nomuraea atypicola. First is the host. Although Beauveria will occasionally infect spiders, it’s a pretty rare occurence. Second is the lilac color of the spores in the first picture. Although most instances of N. atypicola are on trapdoor spiders and occur on a robust stipe, specimens have been collected similar to this, and verified with molecular data (I think…).

Please login to propose your own names and vote on existing names.

Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus

Comments

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Thanls Danny
By: Steve Axford (steveaxford)
2013-06-02 20:34:49 PST (-0800)

Thanks for that Danny. There is very little information on this type of fungi, but I imagine the lifecycle would be very interesting, if a little macabre from the spiders point of view. I hope to find some more some time.

rmkepler
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2013-06-02 14:32:02 PST (-0800)

I definitely see the resemblance here:

what is your background with entomopathogens? you seem to know a thing or two.

two years later
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2013-02-08 13:25:34 PST (-0800)

Steve,

I’ve kept a back-burner eye on this for the past two years. Some developments over at Observation 22259 have brought me back for a fresh look. You didn’t happen to save this, did you? I think there may be other genus candidates outside of Beauveria, but microscopy would be required.

Thanks
By: Steve Axford (steveaxford)
2010-11-18 13:57:24 PST (-0800)

Thanks for that Myxomop. I must admit, I have never seen a mushroom growing out of a spider (yet).

Beauveria naming
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2010-10-20 23:39:53 PST (-0800)

There are many a bug that succumb to a similar, fuzzy, white fungal demise. I’ve only known them to be called Beauveria bassianna up until poking around at Index Fungorum and discovering that Beauveria consists of somewhere around 40 distinct taxa. The mycologists from whom I first learned of Beauveria explained that these fuzzy white forms are all asexual expressions of individual teleomorphs, presumably making Beauveria a genus comprised entirely of anamorphs. The listings at Index Fungorum seem to corroborate this by indicating which sexual forms each Beauveria entry corresponds to, but then there is the question of assigning the correct species name to each Beauveria stricken specimen, which — if anamorphs follow the same naming rules of thumb as teleomorphs — will be determined according to the identity of the host. Anyone feel equipped to provide some clarity on the subject?

Created: 2009-10-29 14:43:00 PST (-0800)
Last modified: 2014-04-23 11:14:42 PST (-0800)
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