Observation 70777: Dictyonema huaorani Dal-Forno, Schmull, Lücking & Lawrey

When: 1980-01-01

Collection location: Ecuador [Click for map]

Who: Danny Newman (myxomop)

No specimen available

A novel species of Dictyonema was used by the Waorani as a hallucinogen. They called the lichen Ne/ne/ndape/ and used it in shamanistic rituals (Davis and Yost 1983).

Dictyonema sp. HALLUCINOGEN Waorani
Area: Eastern Ecuador
Notes: last used ca. 1900, but formerly used in shamanistic ritual. Caused severe headaches and confusion. Very rare.
Davis, EW; Yost, JA. 1983. Novel hallucinogens from eastern Ecuador. Botanical Museum Leaflets (Peabody Museum) 29 (3): 291-295. **

UPDATE: Recently described as a new species, Dictyonema huaorani See www.jjh.cz/upload/24687.pdf. Many thanks to Cora

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Add Comment
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2014-12-09 18:52:53 PST (-0800)

this is fascinating. thank you cora.


dictyonema huaorani
By: Cora (cora)
2014-12-08 09:54:20 PST (-0800)


identified and published! tentatively containing tryptamines, psilocybin.
roughly 10% of lichens have a cyanobacterial photobiont; ~1% of lichens have a basidiomycete as the mycobiont. dictyonema has both, making it highly unusual and rare. yost, one of the original collectors, had heard of the lichen for seven years before finding a specimen. so important that this species be treated respectfully!

none exist
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2011-08-21 22:55:02 PDT (-0700)

nor will any until this is investigated further

By: Paul Derbyshire (Twizzler)
2011-08-20 00:11:03 PDT (-0700)

Created: 2011-07-02 22:17:45 PDT (-0700)
Last modified: 2016-01-28 15:12:57 PST (-0800)
Viewed: 437 times, last viewed: 2018-01-16 04:41:39 PST (-0800)
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