Collection location: Ecuador [Click for map]
A novel species of Dictyonema was used by the Waorani as a hallucinogen. They called the lichen Ne/ne/ndape/ and used it in shamanistic rituals (Davis and Yost 1983).
Dictyonema sp. HALLUCINOGEN Waorani
Area: Eastern Ecuador
Notes: last used ca. 1900, but formerly used in shamanistic ritual. Caused severe headaches and confusion. Very rare.
Davis, EW; Yost, JA. 1983. Novel hallucinogens from eastern Ecuador. Botanical Museum Leaflets (Peabody Museum) 29 (3): 291-295. **
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identified and published! tentatively containing tryptamines, psilocybin.
roughly 10% of lichens have a cyanobacterial photobiont; ~1% of lichens have a basidiomycete as the mycobiont. dictyonema has both, making it highly unusual and rare. yost, one of the original collectors, had heard of the lichen for seven years before finding a specimen. so important that this species be treated respectfully!
nor will any until this is investigated further
Created: 2011-07-03 06:17:45 WAT (+0100)
Last modified: 2016-01-29 00:12:57 WAT (+0100)
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