Observation 70777: Dictyonema huaorani Dal-Forno, Schmull, Lücking & Lawrey
When: 1980-01-01
Collection location: Ecuador [Click for map]
No herbarium specimen

Notes: A novel species of Dictyonema was used by the Waorani as a hallucinogen. They called the lichen Ne/ne/ndape/ and used it in shamanistic rituals (Davis and Yost 1983).

Dictyonema sp. HALLUCINOGEN Waorani
Area: Eastern Ecuador
Notes: last used ca. 1900, but formerly used in shamanistic ritual. Caused severe headaches and confusion. Very rare.
Davis, EW; Yost, JA. 1983. Novel hallucinogens from eastern Ecuador. Botanical Museum Leaflets (Peabody Museum) 29 (3): 291-295. **

UPDATE: Recently described as a new species, Dictyonema huaorani See www.jjh.cz/upload/24687.pdf. Many thanks to Cora

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Add Comment
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2014-12-09 21:52:53 CST (-0500)

this is fascinating. thank you cora.


dictyonema huaorani
By: Cora (cora)
2014-12-08 12:54:20 CST (-0500)


identified and published! tentatively containing tryptamines, psilocybin.
roughly 10% of lichens have a cyanobacterial photobiont; ~1% of lichens have a basidiomycete as the mycobiont. dictyonema has both, making it highly unusual and rare. yost, one of the original collectors, had heard of the lichen for seven years before finding a specimen. so important that this species be treated respectfully!

none exist
By: Danny Newman (myxomop)
2011-08-22 01:55:02 CDT (-0400)

nor will any until this is investigated further

By: Paul Derbyshire (Twizzler)
2011-08-20 03:11:03 CDT (-0400)

Created: 2011-07-03 01:17:45 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2016-01-28 18:12:57 CST (-0500)
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