Observation 82552: Lactarius camphoratus (Bull.) Fr.
When: 2011-11-15

Notes: Habitat:

Covering a field which had been cleared out of Florida wetland/swamp. Field contained palmetto, some succulents and coarse grasses, with some scattered native wildflowers and the odd hardwood tree.


Pleasantly anise-like when the cap was injured.


Mature caps ranged from ~5.5-6.5 3-3.5 centimeters in diameter. Young specimens all had prominent nipples, and about 60-70% retained those at least small papillae through maturity. Approximately 20% of caps became vase-shaped in maturity, and roughly half of those retain papillar structure.


Attached. Color consistently cream to very light beige to ochraceous. Some with tannish spotting in maturity. Staggered short-long-short-long with short gills of greatly varying lengths.


1 centimeter thick in mature specimens. Approximately 2.5-3.5 centimeters long. Hollow and snappable. Young stems colored like gills, but turning dark reddish brown in maturity.

Spore print:

None among 6 specimens young or old dropped spores on aluminum foil. white

Herbarium specimen available in Tampa, Florida, USA.

Proposed Names

70% (6)
Recognized by sight
-95% (4)
Used references: Debbie Veiss
61% (2)
Used references: David Arora (Mushrooms Demystified), Debbie Viess

Please login to propose your own names and vote on existing names.

Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


Add Comment
if these are fragilis …
By: Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
2015-11-29 09:46:15 CST (-0600)

According to IF, camphoratus is the new name for the eastern fragilis.

I don’t believe they are as strongly scented as our western candy caps. At least ones that I handled in the SE did not have much of a fragrance. But my experience with the eastern sp. is limited.

Even one of our western candy caps, Lactarius rufulus, can have only a faint smell, even when dried.

Kuo thought that “fragilis”/camphoratus had a strong scent in his webpage on camphoratus. And he mentions a sharp umbo, as well.

Josh, that’s a beautiful set of documentary photos;
By: Judi T. (AvidAmateur)
2015-11-29 08:57:35 CST (-0600)

and your notes provide the details that should ensure an accurate ID of this very interesting mushroom. Nice find and follow-up.

With maple syrup smell
By: Alan Rockefeller (Alan Rockefeller)
2015-11-29 07:29:58 CST (-0600)

Easy to smell through the bag.

Funny you say that about the candy cap
By: Josh M.K. (suchen)
2011-11-21 14:47:45 CST (-0600)

because as these caps have been drying I’ve noticed the most interesting maple syrupy smell… not nearly as strong as candy caps by all accounts, but still it is there.

hey now, I (finally!) agree that it’s a Lactarius sp!
By: Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
2011-11-21 11:05:26 CST (-0600)

certainly not a Phaecollybia, although the peaked cap is similar.
the cap texture here is spot-on for Lactarius; it was that super thin stipe in the first photo that threw me. reminds me of a candy cap, actually, with that nubbly texture. I am NOT sayin’ that is what it is, though, just that the texture is reminiscent.

latex and snapping stipe confirms your first guess, Walt.

Shipping out caps and spore prints, and…
By: Josh M.K. (suchen)
2011-11-21 03:07:46 CST (-0600)

trying to get some ‘scope time at USF through a close contact. Hopefully with some teamwork we’ll be able to sort this thing out.

Updated with new photos and info.
By: Josh M.K. (suchen)
2011-11-18 13:08:42 CST (-0600)

*All stipes are hollow and snappable.

*Was actually able to obtain latex from one specimen (just barely…see photo)

*Only the very largest caps reach 5+ centimeters. Most mature caps around 3-3.5 cm

*When caps upturn in age almost 50% retain (a less pronounced) nipple.

*Another spore print in progress. More caps with damp paper towel over top.

*Alas, I have no microscope. Might be able to borrow some ’scope time at USF though.

*Spore print is white. See photos.

ah, the peril of not looking at ALL the photos…
By: Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
2011-11-18 09:40:13 CST (-0600)

the first ones are decidedly un-Lactarius-like. But the blown out ones about four photos down…very Lactarius-like.

The only peaked-cap Lactarius that I could find in the Bessettes book was
Lactarius lignyotellus and lignyotus.

Got scope? Even if you can’t get these to milk, you could tell a lot from spores…

By: Andrew Heath (Quercus)
2011-11-17 23:47:29 CST (-0600)

That has to be the same. He mentioned 20% if the caps are vase shaped at maturity.

This is a really interesting mushroom.

pic 5
By: vjp
2011-11-17 21:23:46 CST (-0600)

is a different mushroom?

was the stipe flexible at all?
By: Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
2011-11-17 20:58:50 CST (-0600)

or did it snap like chalk?

I am not wholly convinced of Clitocybe either, something clitocyboid, though…
or omphaloid.

no latex
By: Josh M.K. (suchen)
2011-11-17 16:55:55 CST (-0600)

No latex was observed, though the stringy stuff on the gills I attributed to cobwebs.


By: Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
2011-11-17 16:33:51 CST (-0600)

that’s an awfully slender stipe for a Lactarius.


Which Lactarius is this?
By: Alan Rockefeller (Alan Rockefeller)
2011-11-17 16:11:52 CST (-0600)

It should be pretty distinctive.

Created: 2011-11-14 23:44:03 CST (-0600)
Last modified: 2016-10-07 00:23:44 CDT (-0500)
Viewed: 451 times, last viewed: 2016-10-25 19:25:54 CDT (-0500)
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