Observation 89337: Vulpicida tubulosus (Schaer.) J.- E. Mattsson & M.J. Lai, Mycotaxon 46: 428 (1993)
When: 2008-10-25
(46.43466° 13.63821° )
Herbarium specimen reported

Notes: Syn.: Centraria juniperina var. tubulosa Schaer., Lich. helv. spicil. 8: 372 (1836) (IF), Centraria tubulosa (Schaer.) Zopf.

Code: Bot_305/2008-4233

Habitat: stony ridge, full sun, wind and precipitation exposed, precipitations >3.000 mm/year, average temperature 0-2 deg C, altitude 1.910 m (6.300 feet), alpine phytogeographical region.

Substratum: stony soil

South ridge of Mt. Mali Vrh, 1994 m (6.542 feet), Mt. Mangart’s flats, East Julian Alps, Posocje, Slovenia

Nikon D70 / Nikorr Micro 105mm/f2.8


Comment: Ref.1. states that apothecia are rare to be found.
Shown with Thamnolia vermicularis.
Comment: Ref.1. states that apothecia are rare to be found.

Proposed Names

85% (1)
Eye3 Eyes3
Recognized by sight
Used references: (1) V. Wirth, R. Duell, Farbatlas Flechten und Moose, Ulmer, (2000), p 41.
(2) http://www.stridvall.se/lichens/gallery/Vulpicida/D80A2062
(3) J.E.Mattsson, M.J. Lai, Vulpicida, a new genus in Parmeliaceae (lichenized Ascomycetes). http://www.cybertruffle.org.uk/...

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Eye3 = Observer’s choice
Eyes3 = Current consensus


Add Comment
Fair enough, thanks!
By: Jason Hollinger (jason)
2012-03-15 16:23:52 CDT (-0500)

They’re such beautiful things. For a long time V. juniperinus was used for North American material, too (V. canadensis). And I don’t know what the difference is there, either. Interesting that they separate out so nicely geographically. That’s not the most common state for lichens.

morphological differences
By: amadej trnkoczy (amadej)
2012-03-15 16:18:45 CDT (-0500)

To be frank, I don’t know morphological differences between Vulpicida juniperina and V. tubulosus. Unfortunately, I’ve been unable to find a good description of V. juniperina on net or in my books. What is clear from Index Fungorum and related paper of Mattsson and Lai (Ref.3) is that both names are not synonyms.
I agree with you. On Stridvall’s photos I can see only a difference in substratum. V. juniperina seems to grow on wood, while V. tubulosus apparently doesn’t. Substrate description for V. tubulosus in Ref. 1, namely: wind exposed calcareous ground, grassland and ridges in high mountains above tree-line , corresponds very well to my observation. Another difference is distribution of both species. Maps on gbif.org show V. juniperina mostly in north Europe while V.tubulosus can be found in middle and south Alps, Pyrenean, Carpathian mountains. This corresponds well to the information in Ref.1 and to the ‘List of Lichens in Slovenia’ ( http://members.chello.at/joh annes.pruegger/uni/slovenia/ , J.Pruegger) where only V. tubulosus is listed. So, I am pretty sure my determination is correct.

How does this differ from V. juniperinus?
By: Jason Hollinger (jason)
2012-03-14 14:33:06 CDT (-0500)

I can’t tell what the technical difference is between the two species based on photos at Stridvall’s gallery. Just curious. Thanks!

Created: 2012-03-14 11:40:16 CDT (-0500)
Last modified: 2012-03-14 11:44:32 CDT (-0500)
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