When: 2009-09-27

Collection location: Thoiry, France [Click for map]

Who: Douglas Smith (douglas)

No specimen available

Found under spruce.

This seems to be the best id from the Vesterholt Hebeloma book, given the spruce habitat. These are fairly yellow, and they should be a lighter pale tan, but he remarks that these turn yellow-brown as they age. These were the only ones left from the large grouping, where the rest had turned into a nice brown-black goop in age.

They had a nice odor of radishes, really strong.

The first microshot is of the gill edge at 400x in Meltzer’s. Here the cheilocystidia can be seen, and they are mostly cylindrical with a enlarged end.

The second microshot is of spores at 1000x in Meltzer’s. Here the spores here the spores are ellipsoid and pointed (subamygliform), and with a roughened surface. Here the spores look non-dextrinoid, although the discription of the species should be dextrinoid, but I’m not sure how strongly, he mentions some species as weakly dextrinoid, and others as strongly dextrinoid. I don’t see much of a red-brown in the spores here.

Species Lists


Proposed Names

57% (1)
Recognized by sight
Used references: Jan Vesterholt “Hebeloma of Northern Europe” (or something like that…)

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= Observer’s choice
= Current consensus


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Created: 2009-09-30 09:41:12 CDT (-0500)
Last modified: 2009-09-30 09:41:12 CDT (-0500)
Viewed: 120 times, last viewed: 2019-05-19 08:05:25 CDT (-0500)
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