Full taxonomic details:

Habitat: In open barren soil in the summer, growing solitarily. Among the Geographic Subdivisions of California, this species is reported from, but not verified, from Central Western California.

Distribution: Reported only from California, New Mexico, and Nevada. Also known from Culiacan, Mexico.

Material Examined: Sinaloa, Culiacan, Mexico, 1904, T.S. Brandege (CG Lloyd coll. 37840; BPI 706670; TYPE).

Comments: Zeller (1947) states that Disciseda brandegeei is found from Texas to California and Mexico, although none of the material mentioned in Zeller’s 1947 description is from California. Brandege (type collection notes: 1917) states that this type specimen is young, yet is different from all other Disciseda species due to smooth spores. Describing a new species, with only immature specimens available, seems typical of taxonomy at the turn of the century. Today, with more knowledge of the habits of these fungi, smooth spores often points to immature material, and therefore most often these specimens remain unidentifiable. Disciseda brandegeei, without further collection of material at all ranges of maturity, may have been prematurely erected as a species. The ITS data here places this species just outside the Lycoperdon clade with out any support. This suggests that additional genes should be sequenced to further clarify the taxonomic position of Disciseda brandegeei amongst the other Lycoperdaceae.

Species Lists


Disciseda brandegeei: [1.] Photo image of holotype specimen (scale: inches) [2.] LM of spores, and fragile Disciseda-type eucapillitium at 40x (scale: 20 µm) [3.] LM of eucapillitium with septa, and spores at 100x under oil emersion (scale: 5 µm) [4.] SEM image of smooth spores with short pedicels ...
Dried type specimen

Proposed Names

83% (1)
Recognized by sight: See Notes Above
Used references: The Lycoperdaceae of California, Thesis by Steph Jarvis
Based on microscopic features:

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= Observer’s choice
= Current consensus


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