1. The phylum Glomeromycota currently comprises approximately 150 described species distributed among ten genera, most of which are defined primarily by spore morphology. Glomeromycota are essential for terrestrial ecosystem function. Members of this group are mutualistic symbionts that form arbuscular mycorrhizal associations intracellularly within the roots of the vast majority of herbaceous plants and tropical trees. This type of symbiosis is termed mutualistic because the fungus and host plant both benefit from this intimate association. The fungal symbiont receives carbohydrates from the plant in exchange for functioning as an extended root system, thereby dramatically improving mineral uptake by the plant roots.
Created: 2019-08-03 12:34:15 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2019-08-22 15:06:52 CDT (-0400)