Glossary Term: Homobasidiomycetes

Homobasidiomycetes comprise approximately 16,000 described species. This number reflects 98% of the described species in the Hymenomycetes (Kirk et al. 2001). Homobasidiomycetes produce mushrooms. Other Fungi produce macroscopic fruiting bodies as well, but the diversity of forms in the Homobasidiomycetes is without parallel. Fruiting bodies of Homobasidiomycetes range from millimeter-scale cyphelloid forms (resembling tiny cups), to the giant polypores Rigidoporus ulmarius (up to 316 kg) and Bridgeoporus nobilissimus (up to 130 kg). Homobasidiomycetes include not only the largest fruiting bodies in Fungi, but perhaps the largest and oldest individuals in any group of organisms. Clones of Armillaria gallica, produce average-sized mushrooms, but their mycelial networks are estimated to cover up to 15 hectares and an age of 1500 years (Smith et al. 1992).

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Created: 2019-06-25 13:08:13 JST (+0900)
Last modified: 2019-06-25 13:08:13 JST (+0900)