Glossary Term: Psilocybin

(Synonymous With Psilocybine)

Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms, collectively known as psilocybin mushrooms. The most potent are members of the genus Psilocybe, such as Psilocybe azurescens, Psilocybe semilanceata, and Psilocybe cyanescens, but psilocybin has also been isolated from about a dozen other genera. As a pro-drug, psilocybin is quickly converted by the body to psilocin, which has mind-altering effects similar (in some aspects) to those of LSD, mescaline, and DMT. The effects generally include euphoria, visual and mental hallucinations, changes in perception, a distorted sense of time, spiritual experiences, and can include possible adverse reactions such as nausea and panic attacks.

Advance Your Knowledge: DOI: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2013.12.006

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Created: 2019-07-01 14:32:35 CDT (-0400)
Last modified: 2019-09-20 16:48:56 CDT (-0400)