Public Description of Bosque Experimental Nambillo, Mindo, Los Bancos, Pichincha, Ecuador

Title: Public Description
Location: Bosque Experimental Nambillo, Mindo, Los Bancos, Pichincha, Ecuador
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General Description:

The Nambillo Experimental Forest is an unenclosed portion of land within the Mindo-Nambillo Protected Forest. The area, predominantly administrated by the staff of BioMindo, is not open to the general public but researchers are welcome. As information pertaining specifically to the Nambillo Experimental Forest is not well known, stats for the larger Mindo-Nambillo Protected Forest are provided below.

Latitude : ✝
Longitude : ✝
Area : 19,468.3 ha (48,107 acres)
Elevation : 1,180 m to 4,780 m (3,840 ft to 15,820 ft)

✝ UTM Coordinates:

PSAD56 Zone 17S

North: X 757721.8667 Y 9997655.0749
South: X 757518.0702 Y 9980389.9551
East: X 771200.9634 Y 9982349.0127
West: X 745003.9638 Y 9991648.9284


Habitat Description:

Translated from: http://www.ambiente.gob.ec/...

Bio-Climate:

Humid Temperate: 6544.44 ha (33.62%)
Wet Temperate: 3121.47 ha (16.03%)
Very Humid Sub-Temperate: 2671.60 ha (13.72%)
Very Humid Sub-Tropical: 324.24 ha (1.67%)
Very Humid Temperate: 5259.62 ha (27.02%)
Wet Páramo:✝✝ 1546.97 ha (7.95%)

✝ “Cañadas” Method (?) with WorldClim data
✝✝ (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Páramo)

Annual Rainfall:

Min: 1033 mm (40.67 in)
Max: 2564 mm (100.94 in)
Range: 1531 mm (60.28 in)
Avg: 1580 mm (62.2 in)

Temperature:

Min: 2.31ºC (36.16ºF)
Max: 19.22ºC (66.6ºF)
Range: 16.91ºC (62.44ºF)
Avg: 13.75ºC (56.75ºF)

Land Use:

Livestock: 1905.14 ha (9.79%)
Agroforestry Services: 1.73 ha (0.01%)
Other Uses: 490.44 ha (2.52%)
Natural Vegetation Cover: 17071.01 ha (87.69%)

Vegetation:
Montane Evergreen Forest: 1983.24 ha (10.19%)
Montane Rain Forest: 14504.85 ha (74.50%)
Montane and High Montane Grasslands and Páramo: 2980.07 ha (15.31%)


Dry Season:
~June-December

Biodiversity:
Upwards of 500 species of bird, 170 species of orchid, 320 species of mammal and 10,000 species of plant have been identified within the Mindo-Nambillo Protected Forest.


Interesting Species:

Flora:

Aguacatillo (Nectandra sp.); Ají de monte (Chysochlamys sp.); Aliso (Alnus ferruginea); Arrayán lacre (Eugenia uniflora); Arrayán rojo (Eugenia sp.); Balsa (Ochroma pyramidale); Canelo amarillo (Licaria limbosa); Canelo blanco (Ocotea cernua); Canelo negro (Licaria limbosa); Carachacoco (Virola sp.); Cascarillo (Cinchona mycrophylla); Cedrillo (Guarea ruagea); Cedro (Cedrela montana); Ceibo (Ceiba pentandra); Chachacomo crema (Escallonia myrtilloides); Chilca (Baccharis quitoensis); Chumbil (Clusia alata); Colca (Brachyotum graciencens); Colorado (Mauria birringo); Colorado manzano (Mauria hirringo); Copal (Dacryodes capularis); Duco (Clusia glabra); Gramalote (Axonopus scaparius); Guarumo (Cecropia sp.); Guayabilla (Psidium guineense); Helecho de árbol (Alsophyla sp.); Hoja de cura (Gunnerappilosa); Holco (Holcus lanathus); Jigua (Nectandra reticulata); Lacre (Dacryodes kukashyana); Lashipa (Hymenophylum fuccoides); Lirio del cerro (Isis germanical); Malva (Althaea rosea); Matapalo (Cousapoa sp.); Mora (Herytella sylvestris); Motilón (Hyonima asperifolia); Olivo (Olea europea); Ortiga (Loasa sp.); Roble (Trema integerrina); Saboya (Penicum maximum); Sangre de gallina (Vismia baccifera); Sanshi (Coriaria thymifolia); Sapán de paloma (Trema integerrina); Suro (Chusquea scandens); Tachuelo (Zantoxylum tachuelo); Tangare (Carapa guianensis); Tarqui (Herosmun seabrum); Yesca (Senecio iscoensis); Zabaleta (Banara guianensis), Zig-zig (Cortaderia radiuscula).

Mammals:

Armadillo (Dasypus novencinotus); Cuchucho (Masuella olivacea); Guanta de cola (Dinomys branickii); Murciélago ardilla (Rhynophyla alethina); Murciélago frugivoro (Euchisthene hartii); Murciélago vampiro (Desmodus rotundus); Oso de anteojos (Tremarctus ornatus); Ratón de campo (Akodon sp.); Venado (mazama gualea).

Birds:

Águila pescadora (Pandion haliaetus); Carpintero (Phleceastes pollens); Colibrí piquicurvo (Phaethornis syrmatophorus); Colibrí verde (Colibri thalassinus); Cucupache (Cinclus leucocephalus); Cuervo (Sayormis nigricans); Esparragón (Pipreola riefferi); Euphonia (Psarcolius angustifrous); Gallo de la peña (Rupicola peruviana); Garrapatero (Crotophaga ani); Garza blanca (Bulbucus ibis); Gavilán (Accipiter bicolor); Gavilán (Buteo magnirastris); Golondrina (Ryuchocyuclus fulvipectus); Halcón silvícola (Micrastur ruficollis); Hormiguero (Myrmotherula schisticolor); Marac (Andigena laminirostris); Martín pescador (Chloroceryle americana); Mielero (Molothrus bonariensis); Mirlo acuático (Stelgidopteryx ruficollis); Mirlo parásito (Cyanolyca turcosa); Motmot (Baryptengus ruficapillus); Pájaro paraguas (Cephalopterus penduliger); Pájaro sol (Eurypigia helias); Paloma de monte (Columba plumbea); Pato de las torrentes (Merganetta armata); Pava de monte (Aburria aburri); Perdiz (Nothocercus julius); Perico (Pionus seniloides); Perico (Pionus chalcopterus);Pilco (Pharomachrus auricens); Primavera (Anisognatus flavinucha); Quilico (Falco sparverius); Quinde bunga (Chlorostilbon mellisugus); Quinde cinco reales (Urusticte benjamini); Quinde colilargo (Aglaiocercus coelestris); Quinde inca (Coeligeta wilsoni); Saltador (Salvador atripennis); Saltarín (Masius chrysopterus); Tangara cariflama (Tangara parzudakii); Tangara coronada (Tangara labradoris); Tangara tigrilla (Tangara nigroviridis); Tirano come moscas (Ochtoeca diadema); Tiu-tiu (Tapera naevia); Trepatroncos (Dendrocolaptes carthia); Triguero (Sporophila nigricollis); Vencejo (Strectoprocne zonaris); Yumbo (Semnornis ramphastinus).

Fungi:

Notable species:

Cordyceps ignota & misc. entomopathogenic spp.
Marasmius crinis-equi
Pyrrhoglossum sp.
Deflexula sp.

Most are UNKNOWN OR UNDESCRIBED


Notes:

The Nambillo Experimental Forest is open only to researchers, though adjacent areas are quite dedicated to tourism, providing swimming, tubing, zip lines, repelling, mountain biking, hiking and horseback riding. Access to the experimental forest and a neighboring public swimming hole is shared by a single, steep switchback trail (sometimes impassibly muddy in the wet season). Mid-way down is a platform for a zip-line. The trail descends to a rope bridge across the Rio Nambillo, followed by a fork, the left path leading to the entrance to the research area, the right to a water slide, small sitting pools and waterfall, river access, and a covered eating area with almuerzos, refreshments and snacks. A family living living beside the upper entrance collect admission from tourists each day during park hours (closed at dark). Rides to the reserve by 4×4 can be found from nearby Mindo for a few dollars, or from nearby Nanegalito.


References:

Description author: Danny Newman (Request Authorship Credit)

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