Name: Phallus ravenelii Berk. & Curt.
Most Confident Observations:
Copyright © 2008 Andrew Khitsun (Andrew)
Copyright © 2016 Eva Skific (Evica)
Copyright © 2015 gillow2e
Copyright © 2009 Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
Version: 4
Previous Version 


First person to use this name on MO: Ron Pastorino
Editors: Nathan Wilson, Erlon Bailey, GALL Alain

Nomenclature:

Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Phallus ravenelii

ICN Identifier: missing

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Author: Berk. & Curt.

Citation: Grevillea 11(no. 57): 33 (1882) / Berkeley, M.J. 1873. Notices of North American fungi (cont.). Grevillea. 2(15):33-35

Deprecated Synonyms: Aedycia ravenelii (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) Kuntze

Classification:

Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Phallales

Family: Phallaceae

Genus: Phallus

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Notes on Taxonomy: [Edit]

The proper author citation should be Berk. & M.A. Curtis

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Brief Description: [See More | Edit]

Found on decaying wood or around sawdust piles, Phallus ravenelii develops from a pinkish-lilac colored egg-like structure that resembles a small puffball. The egg often has branched rhizomorphs, is gelatinous in the center, and gives rise to a distinct head and stalk. The remains of the egg can be found at the base of the stalk as a volva. The stalk is white to cream colored, spongy, honeycombed, and hollow. The conic head is wrinkled with a dishrag-like appearance. The head has a white apical disc with a mouth like opening. The wrinkled or granular surface eventually perforates to release an olive-green slimy spore mass. This slimy mass emits a putrid odor for which stinkhorns are known for. The smell attracts insects. The spores stick to the insects and are dispersed in this manner.

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