Name: Ganoderma brownii (Murrill) Gilb.
Most Confident Observations:
Copyright © 2010 Tom (LanLord)
Copyright © 2018 Kingman Bond Graham (Kingman)
Copyright © 2017 Pgrunow
Copyright © 2011 Janet Hsiao (jhsiao)
Version: 8
Previous Version 

First person to use this name on MO: Darvin DeShazer
Editors: Alan Rockefeller, walt sturgeon, Erlon, Joseph D. Cohen


Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Ganoderma brownii

Author: (Murrill) Gilb.

Citation: Mycologia 53(5): 505 (1962) [1961]

Deprecated Synonyms: Elfvingia brownii Murrill, Fomes brownii (Murrill) Murrill, Fomes brownii (Murrill) Sacc. & Trotter


Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Polyporales

Genus: Ganoderma

Notes on Taxonomy: [Edit]

Collected by : V.S. Brown
Collectors number : no 307
Collection date : sep 1913
Country (state) :

Location details : University of California Berkeley
Host : Umbellularia
Substrate details : decaying logs, in Strawberry Canyon
Status : Type

Literature :
Torres-Torres, M.G.; Guzmán-Dávalos,L.; Mello Gugliotta de, A.. 2012. Ganoderma in Brazil: known species and new records. Mycotaxon. 121:93-132

Page number : 100
Remarks (internal) : This species is characterized by its very hard, >0.5 mm thick pileus crust, reddish-brown context, yellow pore surface, and large broadly ellipsoid to ellipsoid basidiospores. Although Gilbertson & Ryvarden (1986) suggest that G. brownii is restricted to California, the Brazilian specimen agrees with the lectotype, which has basidiospores 9-12 × 6.5-8 µm. As Bononi et al. (2008) recorded the species from Mato Grosso do Sul, this represents a second record for Brazil. Gottlieb & Wright (1999b) cite G. brownii as a synonym of G. lipsiense, but we consider G. applanatum/G. lipsiense as separate (cf. the two descriptions).

Ganoderma brownii spores 9-12 × 7-9 um (Overholts, 1967). Found mainly on Umbellularia but reported on Hakea, Quercus and Schinus. Distribution is known only from California and very common on California Bay Laurel. Top brown and black with +/- gray zone. Context thick, up to 20 cm; margin often thicker than 5 cm. Annual growth makes the entire conk thicker because the margin grows outward at a slower rate. Pore surface white with pale yellowish cast (and dries yellowish according to Gilbertson & Ryvarden, 1986), bruising dark brown.

Ganoderma applanatum spores 6-9 × 4.5-6 um (Overholts, 1967). Found on a wide variety of hardwoods, including Umbellularia, and at least four genera of conifers, Abies, Picea, Pseudotsuga and Tsuga. Distribution is worldwide in both temperate and tropical zones. Top is brown with +/- gray zone. Context thin, up to 10 cm but typically less than 4 cm; margin thinner. Annual growth makes the base of the conk at the tree thicker but margin grows outward and stays thin. Pore surface white, bruising dark brown.

Brief Description:

Literature :
Torres-Torres, M.G.; Guzmán-Dávalos,L.; Mello Gugliotta de, A.. 2012. Ganoderma in Brazil: known species and new records. Mycotaxon. 121:93-132

Page number : 100
Description type : Non-original description
Description : Ganoderma brownii (Murrill) Gilb., Mycologia 53: 505 (1962 [“1961”]). Fig. 1

Basidiomata 6.5-16 × 6.5-15 × 1.4-2 cm, perennial, sessile, occasionally imbricate, woody. Pileus round-flabelliform to circular, generally applanate; surface glabrous, bumpy, dull, concentrically sulcate; with a 0.6-0.8 mm thick crust, not cracking, very hard, difficult to penetrate with the fingernail; surface brown (7F7); margin concolorous, entire, thin to thick, obtuse, sulcate. Context 0.3-0.9 cm thick, fibrous, homogeneous, reddish-brown (9F8), azonate; generally with resinous deposits close to the pileus’ base. Pores 4-5 per mm, angular to round, woody; pore surface yellow (3A2) to chromeyellow (2A8); tubes 0.4-1.5 cm thick, unstratified to stratified, concolorous with the lower part of the context. Hyphal system trimitic. Contextual trama: no generative hyphae were observed; skeletal hyphae 3.7-9.3 µm diam., generally solid to thick-walled, non-septate, arboriform, yellowishbrown; no binding hyphae were observed. Pileipellis a crustotrichoderm; terminal elements 6.8-9.3 µm wide, with apex 7-10 µm wide, entire, solid, golden-yellow. Basidiospores 9.3-11.2 × 6.6-7.4 µm, Q = 1.25-1.5, widely ellipsoid to ellipsoid, apex truncate, yellowish-brown, inamyloid; perisporium wrinkled, reddish-brown; exosporium with inter-walled pillars 0.5-0.8 µm thick, anastomosed. Basidia not observed. Cystidia absent.
Habitat: Atlantic dense ombrophilous rain forest.

Literature :
Gilbertson, R.L.; Ryvarden, L. 1986. North American Polypores. 1:1-443

Page number : 293
Remarks (public) : Ganoderma brownii is distinguished from G. applanatum by its yellow pore surface and larger basidiospores.
Description type : Non-original description

Description : Ganoderma brownii (Murr.) Gilbn. Fig. 139
Mycologia 53:505. – 1962. Elfvingia brownii Murr., West. Polyp., p. 24. 1915.
Basidiocarps perennial, sessile, dimidiate, applanate to ungulate, up to 20 × 10 × 5 cm; pileus surface finely tomentose and yellowish at the growing margin, quickly becoming crustose with a hard, horny crust up to 1 mm thick, pale vinaceous to grayish brown, shallowly to deeply sulcate and faintly zonate; pore surface with a bright yellowish cast, bruising dark brown, the yellowish cast remaining on dried specimens, the pores 4-5 per mm, rounded, with very thick, entire dissepiments; context dark purplish brown, firm-fibrous, concentrically zonate, up to 4 cm thick; tube layer purplish brown, sharply differentiated from the context, tubes whitish within, up to 1.5 cm thick.
Hyphal system trimitic; contextual generative hyphae obscure, thin-walled, hyaline, with clamps, 2.5-3.5 µm in diam; contextual skeletal hyphae thick-walled, pale brown in KOH, nonseptate, with occasional branching, 2-10 µm in diam; contextual binding hyphae rare to apparently absent in crushed mounts of context tissue; tramal generative and skeletal hyphae similar; tramal binding hyphae hyaline to pale brown, thick-walled, nonseptate, much branched, 2-5.5 µm in diam, often dendritically branched with tapering, pointed tips.
Cystidia or other sterile hymenial elements absent.
Basidia collapsed and difficult to discern in type specimen, apparently broadly clavate with a sharply narrowed base, 4-sterigmate, about 23×11 µm. Basidiospores broadly ellipsoid, with a truncate apex and an apical germ pore, brown in KOH, negative in Melzer’s reagent, wall two-layered with interwall pillars, 11-12 × 7-8 µm.
Type of rot – White rot of living and dead hardwoods.
Cultural characteristics – Unknown.
Sexuality – Unknown.
Substrata – Known on Umbellularia, Hakea, Quercus, and Schinus. Distribution – Known only from California.

2. ELFVINGIA BROWNII Murrill, sp. nov.
Pileus encrusted, very hard, dimidiate, applanate, broadly
attached, subimbricate, 8-10 X 15-25 X 3-4 em.; surface gray
to brown, glabrous, concentrically sulcate, rather uneven, margin
very obtuse, broadly sterile, luteous, subentire; context almost
woody, zonate, bay, about 3 cm. thick, thinner with age; tubes
5-8 mm. long each season, avellaneous to dark-umbrinous within,
mouths minute, circular, about 5 to a mm., luteous-stuffed when
young, edges obtuse, entire; spores broadly ellipsoid, slightly
roughened, brown, uniguttulate, truncate at one end, thickwalled,
8-<) X 7 11-.
Type collected on decaying log~ of Umbellularia in Strawberry
Cany:on, University of California campus, Berkeley, California,
September 27, 1913, V. S. Brown 307 (herb. N. Y. Bot. Gard.).
Also collected in a younger stage at the same place on the same
host, September 12, 1913, V. S. Brown 306. This species resembles
E. megaloma in habit and appearance, but the hymenium
is luteous instead of white when young.

Descriptions: [Create]


Add Comment
By: Alan Rockefeller (Alan Rockefeller)
2016-10-20 00:32:11 CDT (-0400)

I am not sure G. brownii and G. australe are synonyms. The type locations are very far apart and the habitat/substrate they prefer is different.

What about this “yellow pore” business?
By: Christian (Christian Schwarz)
2016-01-27 20:47:06 CST (-0500)

I’ve never seen a Ganoderma with yellow pores in CA.

Ganoderma australe
By: Darvin DeShazer (darv)
2016-01-27 12:19:50 CST (-0500)

Ganoderma australe is the oldest name. Syn = G. brownii and G. annulare.

Created: 2007-06-12 12:57:32 CDT (-0400) by Darvin DeShazer (darv)
Last modified: 2018-03-21 14:43:00 CDT (-0400) by Alan Rockefeller (Alan Rockefeller)
Viewed: 1588 times, last viewed: 2018-09-19 15:31:35 CDT (-0400)
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