Name: Lycoperdon perlatum
Citation: Observ. mycol. (Lipsiae) 1: 145 (1796)
Deprecated Synonyms: Lycoperdon gemmatum Batsch, Lycoperdon bonordenii Massee, Lycoperdon gemmatum var. perlatum (Pers.) Fr., Lycoperdon lacunosum Bull., Lycoperdon perlatum var. albidum Alb. & Schwein., Lycoperdon perlatum var. bonordenii (Massee) Perdeck, Lycoperdon perlatum var. dobremezianum Kreisel, Lycoperdon perlatum var. lacunosum (Bull.) Rea, Lycoperdon perlatum var. lacunosum Pers., Lycoperdon perlatum Pers. var. perlatum
Lycoperdon perlatum is roughly the shape of an inverted pear. The stem is fairly large and the top is rounded. 2.5-7 cm wide and 3-7.5 cm high. Small whitish warts cover the fruiting body when young, fall off with age and leave scars. A large perforation is found in the center of the puffball that facilitates spore dispersal via rain or wind. White and fleshy when young but changing eventually to an olive color with brown spore dust. Spores 3.5-4.5 um round, minutely spiny. Capillitial threads olive in KOH (3-7um wide).
Interestingly the genus name Lycoperdon translates as “Wolf fart.”
Created: 2007-01-10 06:03:46 CET (+0100) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2019-11-26 18:49:18 CET (+0100) by Herbert Baker
Viewed: 2120 times, last viewed: 2020-02-28 23:53:51 CET (+0100)