Name: Cuphophyllus pratensis (Fr.) Bon
Most Confident Observations:
Copyright © 2008 Debbie Drechsler (debdrex)
Copyright © 2013 Gerhard Koller (Gerhard)
Copyright © 2013 Gerhard Koller (Gerhard)
Copyright © 2005 Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
Version: 5
Previous Version 

First person to use this name on MO: Erlon Bailey
Editors: Michael Wood, walt sturgeon, Joseph D. Cohen


Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Cuphophyllus pratensis

ICN Identifier: missing

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Author: (Fr.) Bon

Citation: Docums Mycol. 14(no. 56): 10 (1985) [1984]

Deprecated Synonyms: Hygrocybe pratensis (Pers.) Bon, Camarophyllus pratensis (Pers.) P. Kumm., Agaricus pratensis Fr., Gymnopus pratensis (Fr.) Gray, Agaricus claviformis Withering, Agaricus miniatus Sowerby, Hygrophorus pratensis (Fr.) Fr., Hygrocybe pratensis (Fr.) Murrill


Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Agaricales

Family: Hygrophoraceae

Genus: Cuphophyllus

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Notes on Taxonomy: [Edit]

Type: Germany

Brief Description: [See More | Edit]

Ecology: Saprobic; frequently found in open areas and grassy places, or in woods under hardwoods or conifers; growing scattered to gregariously or, occasionally, in small clusters; late spring through fall (or winter in warmer climates); widely distributed in North America.

Cap: 2-7 cm; slightly irregular to convex when young, becoming convex to flat, or with an uplifted margin; dry; with minute, pressed-down fibers (“appressed fibrillose”; use a hand lens), at least when young; orange to cinnamon orange when young and fresh, but soon fading to orangish buff; often somewhat cracked over the disc by maturity; the margin not lined.

Gills: Running slightly down the stem; distant or nearly so; thick and waxy; creamy orangish; often with cross-veins by maturity.

Stem: 3-8 cm long; .5-2 cm thick; equal; smooth; dry; white, or tinged with the cap color; stuffed.

Flesh: White; brittle.

Odor and Taste: Not distinctive.

Spore Print: White.

Microscopic Features: Spores 5.5-8 × 3.5-5 µ; smooth; elliptical or nearly round. Gill tissue interwoven. Pileipellis a cutis.

REFERENCES: (Persoon, 1801) Bon, 1976. (Hesler & Smith, 1963; Bird & Grund, 1979; Smith, Smith & Weber, 1979; Largent, 1985; Arora, 1986; Phillips, 1991/2005; Lincoff, 1992; Barron, 1999; Roody, 2003; McNeil, 2006.) Herb. Kuo 06120302, 06150309, 01150514.

Kuo, M. (2007, January). Hygrocybe pratensis. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site:

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