Name: Amanita phalloides
Author: (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link
Citation: Handb. Erk. Gew. 3: 272 (1833)
Olivaceous green pileus. White gills and stipe. White saccate volva,
Amanita phalloides /æməˈnaɪtə fəˈlɔɪdiːz/, commonly known as the death cap, is a deadly poisonous basidiomycete fungus, one of many in the genus Amanita. Widely distributed across Europe, A. phalloides forms ectomycorrhizas with various broadleaved trees. In some cases, the death cap has been introduced to new regions with the cultivation of non-native species of oak, chestnut, and pine. The large fruiting bodies (mushrooms) appear in summer and autumn; the caps are generally greenish in color, with a white stipe and gills.
Great link to “Harvard University Herbaria – Botany Libraries Archives "!
Many thanks! Adolf
Thanks for taking the time to explain the authority. (And it will also let me clean up one more MO Name: “Amanita phalloides (Vaill.) Link”.
In this particular case, Fries was not a sanctioning author. He used Sebastian Vailant’s name “Fungus phalloides”, but it was a pre-Linnean name, used in Vaillant’s 1723 publication. When Fries used it, it was Fries original; publication, not the sanctioniing. Vaill. ex Fr. is just correct.
See ICN Art F.3, Sanctioned Names https://www.iapt-taxon.org/...
And what’s the best/right way to list the authority for this taxon?
- (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link? See ICN 46.7 https://www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/pages/main/art_46.html ("When a name has been ascribed by its author to a pre-starting-point author, the latter may be included in the author citation, followed by “ex”. ")
- (Vaill.) Link?
- (Vaill.: Fr.) Link?
- (Fr.) Link?
- something else?
Sanctioning authors are dead in the new Rules. Starting point for fungal names is Linnaeus 1753.
Created: 2010-12-16 06:50:01 CST (-0500) by Erlon (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2019-02-18 09:24:57 CST (-0500) by Oluna & Adolf Ceska (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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