Name: Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link
Most Confident Observations:
Copyright © 2018 Peter G Werner (pgwerner)
Copyright © 2008 Debbie Viess (amanitarita)
Copyright © 2011 Justin Pierce (Mycopath)
Copyright © 2016 Phil Yeager (gunchky)
Version: 10
Previous Version


Rank: Species

Status: Accepted

Name: Amanita phalloides

Author: (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link

Citation: Handb. Erk. Gew. 3: 272 (1833)

Deprecated Synonyms: Amanita phalloides f. alba, Agaricus phalloides, Amanita viridis, Amanitina phalloides

Misspellings: Aminata Phalloides, Aminata Aminata Phalloides, Amanita phalloides


Domain: Eukarya

Kingdom: Fungi

Phylum: Basidiomycota

Class: Agaricomycetes

Order: Agaricales

Family: Amanitaceae

Genus: Amanita

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Brief Description:

Olivaceous green pileus. White gills and stipe. White saccate volva,

Amanita phalloides /æməˈnaɪtə fəˈlɔɪdiːz/, commonly known as the death cap, is a deadly poisonous basidiomycete fungus, one of many in the genus Amanita. Widely distributed across Europe, A. phalloides forms ectomycorrhizas with various broadleaved trees. In some cases, the death cap has been introduced to new regions with the cultivation of non-native species of oak, chestnut, and pine. The large fruiting bodies (mushrooms) appear in summer and autumn; the caps are generally greenish in color, with a white stipe and gills.

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Re: Info
By: Oluna & Adolf Ceska (
2018-11-11 16:31:15 AEDT (+1100)

Great link to “Harvard University Herbaria – Botany Libraries Archives "!
Many thanks! Adolf

Thanks for the explanation
By: Joseph D. Cohen (Joe Cohen)
2018-11-11 10:02:23 AEDT (+1100)

Thanks for taking the time to explain the authority. (And it will also let me clean up one more MO Name: “Amanita phalloides (Vaill.) Link”.

Sanctioning author?
By: Oluna & Adolf Ceska (
2018-11-11 08:54:34 AEDT (+1100)

In this particular case, Fries was not a sanctioning author. He used Sebastian Vailant’s name “Fungus phalloides”, but it was a pre-Linnean name, used in Vaillant’s 1723 publication. When Fries used it, it was Fries original; publication, not the sanctioniing. Vaill. ex Fr. is just correct.

Could you explain about sanctioning author?
By: Joseph D. Cohen (Joe Cohen)
2018-11-11 04:09:18 AEDT (+1100)

See ICN Art F.3, Sanctioned Names

And what’s the best/right way to list the authority for this taxon?

  • (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link? See ICN 46.7 ("When a name has been ascribed by its author to a pre-starting-point author, the latter may be included in the author citation, followed by “ex”. ")
  • (Vaill.) Link?
  • (Vaill.: Fr.) Link?
  • (Fr.) Link?
  • something else?
I would have expected that the Name page follows International Code of Nomenclature
By: Oluna & Adolf Ceska (
2017-12-01 08:16:55 AEDT (+1100)

Sanctioning authors are dead in the new Rules. Starting point for fungal names is Linnaeus 1753.

Number of users interested in this name: 0

Created: 2010-12-16 22:50:01 AEDT (+1100) by Erlon Bailey (Herbert Baker)
Last modified: 2019-02-19 01:24:57 AEDT (+1100) by Oluna & Adolf Ceska (
Viewed: 2026 times, last viewed: 2020-05-25 13:07:52 AEST (+1000)
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