First person to use this name on MO: Erlon Bailey
Name: Antrodia salmonea
Author: T.T. Chang & W.N. Chou
Citation: Botanical Bulletin of the Academia Sinica (Taipei) 45 (4): 348 (2004) [MB#532853]
Specimen record #161700
Collected by : Chang
Collectors number : TFRIB147
Country (state) :
Host : Cunninghamia konishii
Substrate details : rotten trunk
Status : Holotype
Chang, T.T.; Chou, W.N. 2004. Antrodia cinnamomea reconsidered and A. salmonea sp. nov. on Cunninghamia konishii in Taiwan. Botanical Bulletin of the Academia Sinica (Taipei). 45(4):347-352
Page number : 348
Description type : Original description
Description : Antrodia salmonea T. T. Chang et W. N. Chou, sp. nov. (Figures 1, 2)
Basidiomata perennial, resupinate, effused-reflexed to more or less triquetrous, elongated to semicircular, some-times subpendant and irregular, strongly adnate to host substrate by a broad lateral base, margin sterile, corky to woody, with strongly bitter taste; upper surface glabrous, concentrically zonated, sulcate, with a resinous layer yellow, orange yellow to light cinnamon, becoming brown or blackish, but often with color unchanged on younger marginal areas; margins obtuse, deflexed, undulate. Pores round to angular, 4-7 per mm; pore surface salmon-pink when fresh, becoming cream-colored to buff-colored when aged. Context white, cream-colored to salmon-pink; tubes up to 40 mm long, not stratified, concolorous with pore surface. Hyphal system dimitic; generative hyphae 2-4 µm wide, with clamp connections; skeletal hyphae hyaline to light yellow, up to 4.5 µm wide, weakly amyloid. Basidia clavate, 12-15 — 3-5 µm, with 4 sterigmata and a basal clamp. Basidiospores cylindrical, slightly bent, 3.5-5 — 1.5-2 µm, hyaline, smooth, IKI-.
Cultures and anamorph. Colonies on PDA and MEA at 25°C growing slowly, attaining 1.2-1.6 mm/d, covering plates in 6 weeks, white, cream-colored to salmon-pink, with appressed to submerged, distant hyphae at the advancing zone, overlain with downy, cottony to woolly aerial hyphae, producing a peach-like smell; reverse uncolored. Generative hyphae with clamp connections, producing arthroconidia as well as chlamydospores. Arthroconidia rod-shaped, 3.5-9 — 2.5-3.5 µm. Chlamydospores ellipsoid to oblong, 12-18 — 4-7 µm. Specialized hyphae including only unbranched or rarely branched skeletal hyphae. On the basis of the tannic and gallic acid medium test (Davidson et al., 1938), the fungus is considered to form a brown rot, in agreement with our observation of a rotten trunk. The optimal temperature range for growth is 24-28°C, with the minimal temperature 12°C and the maximal temperature 32°C.
The species code after Stalpers (1978) is as follows: 9, (11), 13, 14, (15), 17, 21, 22, 30, 31, 33, (35), 36, 39, 44, 45, 46, 52, 53, 83, 84, 85, 90.
Specimens examined. TAIWAN. Hsinchu County, Wufong, 2,000-2,500 m, on rotten trunk of Cunninghamia konishii, Apr 2002, T. T. Chang TFRI B147 (TAIF, HOLOTYPE); http://www.mycobank.org/...