Public Description of Craterellus cornucopioides (L.) Pers.

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Name: Craterellus cornucopioides (L.) Pers.
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 Draft For Wild Mushrooms Of The Northeastern United States By Erlon Bailey (Private)

Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Cantharellales
Family: Hydnaceae

General Description:

“Mushroom up to 6 cm across, trumpet to funnel shaped, thin, tough, hollow; caps sometimes yellow, brown, or gray, but typically very dark brown to black, inner top surface slightly feltlike and outer surface smooth; hymenium slightly wrinkled (not ridged), ash-gray, brownish, salmon or rose-tinged, rarely yellow; stem gray, brown, or black; flesh relatively thin and tough; occasionally entire mushroom yellow with only stem base black; odor pleasant; taste mild when raw. The white spore print of Cr. cornucopioides has been used to distinguish it from the yellow/salmon-tinged spore print of Cr. fallax when they are recognized as separate species. Under the microscope: basidiospores off-round to ellipsoid, smooth, colorless, (7) 11 to 15 (20) × (5) 7 to 11 μm; clamp connections absent.”6

Diagnostic Description:

“[A] relatively distinctive mushroom not easily confused with any other, except perhaps the blue chanterelle, Polyozellus multiplex. The clustered blue chanterelle is dark blue to gray violet (instead of brown or black) and is never hollow.”6


North, Central, and South America, Europe, Asia, and Japan, in broadleaf forests In western North America, uncommon outside of coastal regions of central California to southern Oregon.6


“tend to grow in scattered groups or close clusters, often arising from a common base in humus or mineral soil. …l with coniferous and deciduous trees … .”6 “Especially common under Arbutus menziesii (madrone), but also Quercus agrifolia (ive oak) and Lithocarpus densiflorus (tanbark oak).”9

Look Alikes:

Choice edible.1 3 6 9


1 Arora, Mushrooms Demystified (Ten Speed Press 2d ed. 1986)

2 Index Fungorum

3 Kuo, M., MushroomExpert.Com

4 MycoBank

5 Persoon, C.H. Mycologia Europaea 2: 5 (1825)

6 Pilz, David; Norvell, Lorelei; Danell, Eric; Molina, Randy. 2003. Ecology and
management of commercially harvested chanterelle mushrooms. Gen. Tech. Rep.
PNW-GTR-576. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,
Pacific Northwest Research Station. 83 p.

7 Pilz, Norvell, Danell & Molina, Key to Pacific Northwest CHANTERELLES, Chanterelle-Like Mushrooms, and Look-Alikes (2003)

8 Trudell & Ammirati, Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest (Timber Press 2009)

9 Wood & Stevens, The Fungi of California (a MykoWeb Page)


According to

“Three species, Craterellus cornucopioides, Craterellus fallax, and Craterellus konradii, have been separated on the basis of geographical distribution and the color of the spore-bearing surface. Dahlman et al. synonymize all of these species, finding no significant genetic variance. The name Craterellus cornucopioides takes precedence according to the rules governing botanical names.”

C. konradii was also separated based on color (yellow/orange vs. black), but many examples have since been found of the the two color forms growing in the same cluster. See observation 2828 for an example of the yellow/orange form and observation 3449 for the eastern US form described as C. fallax.

Description author: Joseph D. Cohen (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editors: Nathan Wilson, James Baker, Erlon Bailey