Public Description of Sarcosphaera coronaria (Jacq.) J. Schröt.

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Name: Sarcosphaera coronaria (Jacq.) J. Schröt.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Pezizaceae


General Description:

Large (up to 20 cm diameter) subhypogeous cup fungus, white exterior; lilac interior; opens like a crown or saucer when mature.


Diagnostic Description:

Fruiting Body: Bowl-shaped, ball-like, or goblet-shaped when young, with a small opening near the top; usually splitting into “rays” by maturity and folding back to be star-shaped or saucer-shaped; up to 20 cm across when mature; upper/inner surface whitish becoming lilac to pale lilac brown, smooth or finely scaly; lower/outer surface whitish, roughened (and covered with dirt), sometimes bruising yellowish; stem rudimentary or absent; flesh brittle, whitish.3

Microscopic Features:Spores 14-22 × 7-9 µ; elliptical with blunt ends; with 1-3 oil droplets (most commonly with 2); smooth or slightly roughened. Paraphyses cylindric, with rounded apices. Asci with blue tips in IKI or Melzer’s reagent; 8-spored; 300-360 × 10-13 µ.3


Distribution:

Europe, Mediterranean region, North America.1 5 In North America: Common from the Rocky Mountains westward but reported in Michigan and New York.3


Habitat:

Mycorrhizal with conifers3, under hardwoods or conifers1; growing alone or (more commonly) in clusters, partially submerged in the ground; spring, summer, or fall.


Look Alikes:

1 Michael Beug, Alan E. Bessette, Arleen R. Bessette, Ascomycete Fungi of North America: A Mushroom Reference Guide (Univ. of Texas Press 2014)

2 Gibson, Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest, Version 2.2.1 (2015) (application, latest version downloadable at http://www.svims.ca/council/matchmaker.htm)

3 Kuo, M. (2006, April). Sarcosphaera coronaria. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/sarcosphaera_coronaria.html

4 Species Fungorum Record ID 120241 http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

5 “Sarcosphaera”. (2016, October 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:35, May 26, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/...


References:

1 Michael Beug, Alan E. Bessette, Arleen R. Bessette, Ascomycete Fungi of North America: A Mushroom Reference Guide (Univ. of Texas Press 2014)

2 Gibson, Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest, Version 2.2.1 (2015) (application, latest version downloadable at http://www.svims.ca/council/matchmaker.htm)

3 Kuo, M. (2006, April). Sarcosphaera coronaria. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/sarcosphaera_coronaria.html

4 Species Fungorum Record ID 120241 http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

5 “Sarcosphaera”. (2016, October 13). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13:35, May 26, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/...


Notes:

Hyperaccumulator of heavy metals.


Description author: Joseph D. Cohen (Request Authorship Credit)