Public Description of Psilocybe (Fr.) Kumm.

Title: Public Description
Name: Psilocybe (Fr.) Kumm.
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae

General Description:

Psilocybe is a genus of small mushrooms growing worldwide. This genus is best known for its species with psychedelic or hallucinogenic properties, widely known as “magic mushrooms”. Psilocin and psilocybin are the hallucinogenic compounds responsible for the psychoactive effects of the species, and a distintive chemotaxonomic marker of the genus.


Among some groups of Mesoamerican natives, hallucinogenic Psilocybe have been used by native healers for centuries for divining the causes of illness and as part of psychological counseling. Contemporary researchers have generally preferred to use purified psilocybin in medical and psychiatric research, though in practice, whole Psilocybe cubensis is often used.


Description author: Erlon Bailey (Request Authorship Credit)