Public Description of Hygrocybe coccinea (Schaeff.) P. Kumm.

Title: Public Description (Default)
Name: Hygrocybe coccinea (Schaeff.) P. Kumm.
View: public
Edit: public
Version: 3
Previous Version 

Descriptions: Create
 Public Description (Default) [Edit]

Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Hygrophoraceae


General Description:

Cap: 2–7 cm wide, conic when young, becoming convex to plane with an umbo in age; surface moist or day, smooth, not viscid, bright red when young, fading to orange-red in age, not fibrillose-scurfy when dry; flesh thin, fragile, red to reddish-orange, odor and taste mild.

Gills: adnate, close to subdistant, broad, waxy, yellowish, red-orange to creamy pale orange.

Stipe: 2–8 cm long, 2–10 mm thick, equal, hollow, sometimes flattened, dry, smooth, yellow-orange to orange-red, paler yellow downward and often coated with white mycelium on the base.


Diagnostic Description:

Hygrocybe punicea usually has a larger,slightly viscid pileus and tends to be deeper blood red, especially when young, pale yellow to whitish flesh, narrowly adnate gills that are sometimes notched leaving a decurrent tooth, and a fibrillose stipe.


Distribution:

Widely distributed.


Habitat:

In soil or litter on conifer and broadleaf forests, forest edges.


Look Alikes:

Hygrocybe punicea
Hygrocybe marchii


Uses:

Edible.


References:

North American species of Hygrophorus / L.R. Hesler [and] Alexander H. Smith
http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...


Notes:

Current Name:
Hygrocybe coccinea (Schaeff.) P. Kumm., Führ. Pilzk. (Zwickau): 112 (1871)

Synonymy:
Agaricus aurantiocrocatus var. minor Schumach., Enum. pl. (Kjbenhavn) 2: 291 (1803)
Agaricus coccineus Schaeff., Fung. Bavar. Palat. 4: 70 (1774)
Hygrocybe coccinea var. umbonata Herink, Sb. severočeského Musea, Historia Naturalis 1: 77 (1958)
Hygrophorus coccineus (Schaeff.) Fr., Epicr. syst. mycol. (Upsaliae): 330 (1838) [1836-1838]
Pseudohygrocybe coccinea (Schaeff.) Kovalenko, Mikol. Fitopatol. 22(3): 208 (1988)

“Common Name: Righteous Red Waxy Cap”


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editor: IntoTheFlames


Created: 2011-03-05 12:15:54 CST (-0600) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2011-10-25 04:25:55 CDT (-0500) by IntoTheFlames
Viewed: 55 times, last viewed: 2017-05-06 16:43:21 CDT (-0500)