Public Description of Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link

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Name: Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Amanitaceae

General Description:

Olivaceous green pileus. White gills and stipe. White saccate volva,

Amanita phalloides /æməˈnaɪtə fəˈlɔɪdiːz/, commonly known as the death cap, is a deadly poisonous basidiomycete fungus, one of many in the genus Amanita. Widely distributed across Europe, A. phalloides forms ectomycorrhizas with various broadleaved trees. In some cases, the death cap has been introduced to new regions with the cultivation of non-native species of oak, chestnut, and pine. The large fruiting bodies (mushrooms) appear in summer and autumn; the caps are generally greenish in color, with a white stipe and gills.


California, Md., New York, Mass. Europe. Probably introduced to North America.


Under Quercus


“Common Name: The Death Cap”

Amanita phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Link, Handbuck zur Erkennung der Nutzbarsten und am Häufigsten Vorkommenden Gewächse 3: 272 (1833)

Agaricus phalloides Vaill. ex Fr., Syst. mycol. (Lundae) 1: 13 (1821)
Agaricus phalloides Bull., Hist. Champ. France (Paris): tab. 2, 577 (1792)

Amanita phalloides var. alba Costantin & L.M. Dufour, Nouv. Fl. Champ., Edn 2 (Paris): 256 (1895)
Amanita viridis Pers., Tent. disp. meth. fung. (Lipsiae): 67 (1797)
Amanitina phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) E.-J. Gilbert, in Bresadola, Iconogr. Mycol. 27(Suppl. 1): 78 (1941)
Fungus phalloides Vaill., Bot. paris. (Paris): 74, tab. 14, fig. 5 (1727)
Venenarius phalloides (Vaill. ex Fr.) Murrill, Mycologia 4(5): 240 (1912)

Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)
Description editors: Nathan Wilson, IntoTheFlames, Erlon Bailey