Public Description of Phallus duplicatus Bosc

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Name: Phallus duplicatus Bosc
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Description status: Unreviewed

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Phallales
Family: Phallaceae


General Description:

Immature Fruiting Body: Like a flesh-colored to whitish “egg” 4-7 cm high; when sliced revealing the stinkhorn-to-be encased in a gelatinous substance.

Mature Fruiting Body: Spike-like, 5-17 cm. high; with a “cap” area that is pitted and ridged by maturity, and covered with a slimy, malodorous, olive-brown substance that eventually wears off (or is carried away by flies), exposing a whitish to light brown surface; with a white stem that arises from a white to pinkish or purplish, sacklike volva; with a laced, white or sometimes pinkish “skirt” hanging 3-6 cm from the bottom edge of the cap (sometimes collapsing against the stem).

Microscopic Features: Spores 3.5-4 × 1.5-2 ยต; elliptical or flattened.


Distribution:

common east of the Rocky Mountains, especially in the southeast, and in Texas; also found in Mexico.


Habitat:

Saprobic; growing alone or gregariously in gardens, flowerbeds, meadows, lawns, woodchips, cultivated areas, and so on—also in hardwood forests; summer and fall


References:

http://www.indexfungorum.org/...

http://www.speciesfungorum.org/...

Kuo, M. (2011, April). Phallus duplicatus. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phallus_duplicatus.html


Notes:

Record Details:
Phallus duplicatus Bosc, Mag. Gesell. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 5: 86 (1811)

Citations in published lists or literature:
Saccardo’s Syll. fung. VII: 6; XV: 278 Page Image in Published List

Phallus impudicus var. togatus (Kalchbr.) Costantin & L.M. Dufour, Nouv. Fl. Champ., Edn 2 (Paris): 288 (1895)


Description author: walt sturgeon (Request Authorship Credit)


Created: 2011-12-02 23:23:20 CST (-0600) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Last modified: 2014-01-20 19:08:31 CST (-0600) by walt sturgeon (Mycowalt)
Viewed: 18 times, last viewed: 2018-07-10 21:44:28 CDT (-0500)