Public Description of Sarcodon squamosus (Schaeff.) Quél.

Title: Public Description (Default)
Name: Sarcodon squamosus (Schaeff.) Quél.
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Description status: Approved
 (Latest review: 2010-04-14 20:06:08 CDT (-0500) by nathan)

Taxonomic Classification:

Domain: Eukarya
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Thelephorales
Family: Bankeraceae

General Description:

Cap yellow brown to vinaceous brown with blackish brown scales appearing to be outlined in white; disc slightly depressed to NOT depressed, scales in center are NOT or slightly pointed upwards and scales near margin are smaller than S. imbricatus. Stalk is generally equal or shorter than the diameter of the cap giving it a short squatty appearance. The stalk is often pinched or attenuated at the base and the apex is paler than the rest of the stalk. The spines are slightly decurrent, short (5-10 mm) and grayish or grayish blue tones when fresh. Context is whitish but sometimes the base of the stalk is blackish brown. Odor is aromatic or spicy and the taste is mild. The habitat is with PINES. Possessing water soluble blue pigments for dyeing wool, silk and other textiles. KOH unknown on flesh. Clamp connections on the hyphae.

The above description was provided by Darvin DeShazer in a small key he created to differentiate between Sarcodon imbricatus, S. squamosus and S. scabrosus based on Johannesson, Hanna, Svengunnar Ryman, Hjordis Lundmark and Eric Danell. 1999. Sarcodon imbricatus and S. squamosus – two confused species. Mycol. Res. 103 (11): 1447-1452.


Appears to be widely distributed where pines grow in the northern hemisphere. The name is originally for a European collection and the name is regularly applied in the western US and other areas with pine forests.


Pine forests.

Look Alikes:

Considered a good edible. Not particularly popular in the western US, but in other areas of the world this or a close relatively is sold commercially.


Described in McIlvaine (1902).

Photos believed to be S. squamosus, but erroneously listed as S. imbricatus.
Arora (1991) p. 204; Atkinson (1903) p. 199; Bessette & Bessette (2001) p. 152; Bessette, Bessette & Fischer (1997) p. 413; Bossenmaier (1997) p. 67B2; Jordan (2004) p. 124; Lincoff (1981) #466; McKenny, Stuntz & Ammirati. (1987) p. 173; Miller (1979) #337; Miller & Miller (2006) p. 402; Phillips (1981) p. 242; Pegler, Roberts and Spooner (1997) p. 93; Sept (2006) p. 67.

Unresolved photos: (conflicting descriptions &/or unclear photos)
Castellano (2003) p. 100.

1. Arora, D. 1986. Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA. 959p.
2. Arora, D. 1991. All That the Rain Promises, and More…A Hip Pocket Guide to Western Mushrooms. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA. 259p.
3. Atkinson, G. F. 1903. Mushrooms: Edible, Poisonous, Etc. Henry Holt & Co., New York, NY. 322p.
4. Baird, R. E. 1986. Study of the Stipitate Hydnums from the Southern Appalachian Mountains-Genera: Bankera, Hydnellum, Phellodon and Sarcodon. Biblo. Myco. Band 104, J. Cramer, New York, NY. 156p.
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6. Bessette, Arleen R. and Alan E. Bessette. 2001. The Rainbow Beneath My Feet: A Mushroom Dyer’s Field Guide. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York. 176p.
7. Bessette, A., A. Bessette and D. Fischer 1997. Mushrooms of Northeastern North America. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY. 582p.
8. Bessette, Arleen R., Alan E. Bessette, and William J. Neill. 2001. Mushrooms of Cape Cod and the National Seashore. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, New York. 174p.
9. Bossenmaier, Eugene F. 1997. Mushrooms of the Boreal Forest. University Extension Press, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada. 105p.
10.Breitenbach J. and F. Kranzlin. 1986. Fungi of Switzerland Vol. 2. Mykologia, Luzern. 412p.
11.Castellano, Michael A., Efrén Cázares, Bryan Fondrick and Tina Dreisbach. 2003. Handbook to Additional Fungal Species of Special Concern in the Northwest Forest Plan. PNW-GTR-572. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Portland, OR. 144p.
12.Cetto, Bruno. 1980a. Der große Pilzführer Band 1. BLV Verlagsgesellschaft, Zurich. 669p.
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15.Harrison, Kenneth A. 1961. The Stipitate Hydnums of Nova Scotia. Canada Department of Agriculture Publication 1099, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 60p.
16.Johannesson, Hanna, Svengunnar Ryman, Hjordis Lundmark and Eric Danell. 1999. Sarcodon imbricatus and S. squamosus – two confused species. Mycol. Res. 103 (11): 1447-1452.
17.Jordan, Michael. 2004. The Encyclopedia of Fungi of Britain and Europe. Frances Lincoln, London, UK. 384p.
18.Læssøe, Thomas, Gary Lincoff and Anna Del Conte. 1996. The Knopf Mushroom Book. Alfred A. Knopf Canada, Toronto, Canada. 256p.
19.Læssøe, Thomas and Gary Lincoff. 2002. Smithsonian Handbooks: Mushrooms. DK Publishing Books, New York, NY. 304p.
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24.Pegler, D. N., P. J. Roberts and B. M. Spooner. 1997. British Chanterelles And Tooth-Fungi: An account of the British Cantharelloid and stipitate Hydnoid Fungi. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K. 114p.
25.Phillips, R. 1981. Mushrooms and Other Fungi of Great Britain and Europe. Pan Books, Cavaye Place, London. 288p.
26.Phillips, R. 2005. Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Firefly Books, Buffalo, New York. 319p.
27.Sept, J. Duane. 2006. Common Mushrooms of the Northwest. Calypso Publishing, Sechelt, BC Canada. 94p.
28.Smith, A. H. and N. S. Weber. 1980. The Mushroom Hunter’s Field Guide: All Color and Enlarged. Univ. of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 316p.
29.Tylutki, E. E. 1987. Mushrooms of Idaho and the Pacific Northwest Non-gilled Hymnomycetes. Univ. Press of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho. 232p.

Description authors: Nathan Wilson, Darvin DeShazer (Request Authorship Credit)

Created: 2008-12-24 10:20:06 CST (-0600) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
Last modified: 2010-04-14 20:06:08 CDT (-0500) by Nathan Wilson (nathan)
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